Brazil Economic Forecast

Brazil Economic Outlook

May 17, 2016

Brazil’s economy sank into the deepest recession in recent history last year amid low prices for key exports, soaring inflation and depressed confidence levels. Moreover, as the economy plummeted so did President Dilma Rousseff’s political career. A wide-spread corruption scandal and the economy’s abysmal performance caused approval levels to fall to all-time lows and resulted in the commencement of impeachment proceedings last year. On 12 May, the Senate voted to continue with these proceedings, forcing Rousseff to step down for a maximum of 180 days while a trial is conducted. Vice President Michel Temer took over as interim president and his first task will be to find a way to halt the sinking ship. However, a number of daunting challenges lie in Temer’s path and recent economic data remain poor: retail sales returned to contraction in March and the manufacturing PMI fell to the lowest level in over seven years in April.

Brazil Economy Data

20112012201320142015
Population (million)197199201203204
GDP per capita (USD)13,23712,34212,24411,9158,651
GDP (USD bn)2,6132,4592,4612,4161,769
Economic Growth (GDP, annual variation in %)3.91.93.00.1-3.8
Domestic Demand (annual variation in %)4.72.13.8-0.9-6.8
Consumption (annual variation in %)4.73.53.51.3-4.0
Investment (annual variation in %)6.70.85.8-4.5-14.1
Industrial Production (annual variation in %)0.4-2.32.1-3.0-8.3
Retail Sales (annual variation in %)6.78.44.32.2-4.3
Unemployment Rate8.07.47.16.88.5
Fiscal Balance (% of GDP)-2.5-2.3-3.0-6.1-10.4
Public Debt (% of GDP)35.132.931.233.738.5
Money (annual variation in %)18.79.110.99.96.2
Inflation Rate (CPI, annual variation in %, eop)6.55.85.96.410.7
Inflation Rate (CPI, annual variation in %)6.65.46.26.39.0
Inflation (PPI, annual variation in %)4.19.15.12.211.3
Policy Interest Rate (%)11.007.2510.0011.7514.25
Stock Market (annual variation in %)-18.17.4-15.5-2.9-13.3
Exchange Rate (vs USD)1.862.052.362.663.96
Exchange Rate (vs USD, aop)1.671.952.162.353.34
Current Account (% of GDP)-2.9-3.0-3.0-4.3-3.3
Current Account Balance (USD bn)-77.0-74.2-74.8-104.2-58.9
Trade Balance (USD billion)29.819.42.3-4.019.7
Exports (USD billion)256243242225191
Imports (USD billion)226223240229171
Exports (annual variation in %)26.8-5.3-0.2-7.0-15.1
Imports (annual variation in %)24.5-1.47.4-4.4-25.2
International Reserves (USD)352373359364356
External Debt (% of GDP)11.412.712.514.619.1

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Brazil Facts

ValueChangeDate
Bond Yield12.930.86 %May 25
Exchange Rate3.58-0.03 %May 26
Stock Market49,4830.28 %May 25

Brazil Economic Growth

May 17, 2016

A change in leadership will not be a magic bullet for Brazil’s economy and the recession is expected to continue throughout this year. FocusEconomics panelists see the economy contracting 3.7% in 2016, which is down 0.2 percentage points from last month’s forecast. For 2017, the panel sees the economy recovering slightly and growing 0.7%.

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