Puerto Rico Public Debt (% of GNP)

Public Debt (% of GDP)

Public debt, sometimes also referred to as government debt, represents the total outstanding debt (bonds and other securities) of a country’s government. It is often expressed as a ratio of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Public debt can be raised both externally and internally, where external debt is the debt owed to lenders outside the country and internal debt represents the government’s obligations to domestic lenders. Public debt is an important source of resources for a government to finance public spending and fill holes in the budget. Public debt as a percentage of GDP is usually used as an indicator of the ability of a government to meet its future obligations.

This chart displays Public Debt (% of GDP) for South Asia, Major Economies, Middle East & North Africa, Latin America, Euro Area from 2010 to 2022.

Public Debt (% of GDP) Data

2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Afghanistan 7.4 6.1 7.4 - -
Albania 67.7 65.8 74.3 74.5 64.5
Algeria 38.4 46.0 52.0 62.8 55.6
Andorra 36.3 35.4 46.4 48.6 39.4
Angola 93.0 113.6 138.9 86.8 66.7
Antigua and Barbuda 87.8 81.8 98.2 96.3 86.2
Argentina 85.2 89.8 103.9 80.6 85.2
Armenia 51.2 50.1 63.5 60.2 46.7
Aruba 73.3 71.1 112.3 101.8 90.1
Australia 41.8 46.7 57.2 55.9 50.7
Austria 74.1 70.6 83.0 82.5 78.4
Azerbaijan 18.7 17.7 21.3 26.3 17.3
Bahamas, The 62.4 60.3 75.3 100.0 88.9
Bahrain 94.6 101.6 130.1 127.1 117.6
Bangladesh 29.6 32.0 34.5 35.6 37.9
Barbados 126 119 149 135 123
Belarus 47.5 41.0 47.5 41.2 41.3
Belgium 99.9 97.6 111.8 108.0 104.3
Belize 78.1 77.5 101.4 80.1 63.4
Benin 41.1 41.2 46.1 50.3 54.2
Bhutan 113 106 123 132 127
Bolivia 53.1 59.3 78.0 81.4 80.0
Bosnia-Herz. 33.8 32.1 36.0 34.4 29.6
Botswana 14.9 16.5 18.7 18.7 18.0
Brazil 75.3 74.4 86.9 77.3 71.7
Brunei 2.6 2.6 2.9 2.5 2.1
Bulgaria 22.1 20.0 24.6 23.9 22.6
Burkina Faso 38.2 41.5 43.3 55.4 -
Burundi 53.0 60.0 66.0 66.6 68.4
Cabo Verde 112 110 145 148 -
Cambodia 28.4 28.2 34.4 35.9 36.5
Cameroon 38.3 41.6 44.9 46.8 45.5
Canada 95.1 96.4 129.2 120.9 101.5
CdI 35.3 37.5 46.3 50.9 56.8
Central African Republic 50.0 47.1 43.4 47.6 -
Chad 46.2 51.6 55.9 57.4 -
Chile 25.7 28.6 32.3 36.4 37.6
China 56.7 60.4 70.1 71.8 77.0
Colombia 49.3 50.3 65.0 63.0 60.8
Comoros 16.9 21.1 24.0 25.5 -
Congo 14.8 14.8 16.5 15.9 14.5
Costa Rica 51.8 56.4 66.9 68.0 63.8
Croatia 73.1 70.9 86.8 78.1 68.2
Cyprus 98.5 93.0 114.9 99.3 85.6
Czech Republic 32.1 30.0 37.7 42.0 44.2
Denmark 34.0 33.7 42.3 36.0 29.8
Djibouti 48.2 41.8 42.2 40.8 40.4
Dominica 85.6 98.3 113.1 107.2 98.5
Dominican Republic 50.5 53.6 71.5 63.2 59.5
DR Congo 14.8 14.8 16.7 16.3 14.6
Ecuador 49.8 53.0 63.6 56.4 53.5
Egypt 87.9 80.1 86.2 89.9 88.5
El Salvador 72.9 73.7 90.7 82.7 78.0
Equatorial Guinea 41.2 43.2 49.4 42.1 -
Eritrea 267 260 - - -
Estonia 8.2 8.5 18.6 17.8 18.5
Ethiopia 55.8 53.9 53.8 46.4 -
Euro Area 86.1 84.1 97.2 94.7 90.9
Fiji 45.8 49.0 63.6 83.3 91.0
Finland 64.8 64.9 74.7 72.5 73.3
France 97.8 97.4 114.6 112.9 111.8
Gabon 61.1 60.0 78.3 65.8 -
Gambia, The 83.6 83.0 85.9 83.1 82.8
Georgia 38.9 40.4 60.2 49.7 39.8
Germany 61.9 59.6 68.8 69.0 66.1
Ghana 62.0 58.3 72.3 79.2 92.4
Greece 186 181 207 195 173
Grenada 64.0 58.5 71.4 69.9 63.6
Guatemala 26.1 26.5 31.4 30.8 29.0
Guinea 39.3 38.6 47.8 41.5 -
Guinea-Bissau 59.2 65.3 77.7 78.8 80.3
Guyana 47.0 43.6 51.1 43.2 -
Haiti 21.5 25.4 22.0 25.6 23.9
Honduras 43.5 43.8 51.7 49.8 49.1
Hong Kong 0.1 0.3 1.0 1.9 4.3
Hungary 69.1 65.3 79.3 76.7 73.9
Iceland 63.2 66.6 77.8 75.6 68.7
India 70.4 75.0 88.5 83.8 81.0
Indonesia 30.4 30.6 39.7 41.1 40.1
Iran 42.9 46.7 48.3 42.4 -
Iraq 47.8 45.4 78.7 59.2 44.9
Ireland 62.9 57.1 58.1 54.4 44.4
Israel 59.6 58.9 71.0 67.5 60.0
Italy 135 134 155 147 142
Jamaica 94.4 94.3 109.7 94.2 77.1
Japan 232 236 259 255 260
Jordan 74.3 77.2 87.0 90.9 89.4
Kazakhstan 20.3 19.9 26.4 25.1 23.5
Kenya 56.4 59.1 68.0 68.2 68.4
Kiribati 21.6 22.4 20.6 17.1 -
Korea 40.0 42.1 48.7 51.3 53.8
Kosovo 17.0 17.6 22.4 21.5 20.7
Kuwait 15.1 11.6 11.7 8.7 2.9
Kyrgyzstan 54.8 48.8 63.6 56.2 49.2
Laos 60.6 69.1 76.0 92.4 -
Latvia 37.0 36.7 42.2 44.0 41.0
Lebanon 155 172 151 350 -
Lesotho 48.0 57.0 53.6 55.7 59.9
Liberia 37.1 48.5 58.7 53.3 53.9
Lithuania 33.7 35.8 46.2 43.4 38.1
Luxembourg 20.9 22.4 24.6 24.5 24.7
Madagascar 42.9 41.3 52.2 52.0 55.1
Malawi 43.9 45.3 54.8 61.5 75.2
Malaysia 51.2 52.4 62.0 63.3 60.3
Maldives 72.0 78.8 154.2 119.9 114.4
Mali 37.5 40.7 46.9 50.4 51.7
Malta 43.4 40.0 52.2 54.0 52.3
Marshall Islands 24.8 25.2 21.8 20.2 19.2
Mauritania 57.9 55.7 55.8 51.1 -
Mauritius 64.0 82.2 94.6 88.4 83.1
Mexico 45.6 45.5 51.7 50.7 48.3
Micronesia, Federated States of 19.6 17.8 18.5 15.5 -
Moldova 31.8 28.8 36.6 33.1 33.5
Mongolia 90.7 79.2 97.4 79.9 76.3
Montenegro 71.9 78.8 107.3 85.6 72.1
Morocco 65.2 60.3 72.2 69.5 71.6
Mozambique 106.7 99.0 120.0 104.9 95.5
Myanmar 40.4 38.8 39.3 65.5 60.0
Namibia 48.7 57.6 64.3 70.4 69.8
Nauru 71.1 59.6 56.3 24.8 -
Nepal 31.1 34.0 43.3 43.3 43.1
Netherlands 52.4 48.6 54.7 51.7 50.1
New Zealand 29.8 27.2 32.2 29.4 32.7
Nicaragua 54.4 57.6 65.4 65.9 61.0
Niger 37.0 39.8 45.0 51.3 -
Nigeria 27.7 29.2 34.5 36.5 39.6
North Macedonia 40.4 40.5 50.8 52.0 51.0
Norway 38.9 39.9 45.2 42.5 37.4
Oman 44.7 52.5 67.9 61.3 40.0
Pakistan 64.8 77.5 79.6 73.5 76.2
Palau 83.7 85.2 - - -
Panama 37.3 41.9 65.6 58.4 54.9
Papua New Guinea 36.7 40.2 48.7 52.1 48.8
Paraguay 22.3 25.8 36.9 37.5 40.8
Peru 25.6 26.6 34.6 35.9 33.8
Philippines 39.9 39.6 54.6 60.4 60.9
Poland 48.7 45.7 57.2 53.6 49.3
Portugal 121.5 116.6 134.9 124.5 112.4
Qatar 52.2 62.1 72.6 58.4 42.4
Romania 34.5 35.1 46.8 48.5 47.2
Russia 13.6 13.7 19.2 16.5 18.9
Rwanda 45.0 49.9 65.6 66.7 61.1
Saint Kitts and Nevis 53.9 54.3 68.0 69.1 61.1
Saint Lucia 60.2 61.9 94.2 82.9 74.2
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 69.4 68.1 79.5 90.0 87.9
Samoa 49.4 44.3 43.2 46.3 43.7
San Marino 57.2 57.4 71.6 81.3 76.7
Sao Tome and Principe 95.9 98.2 86.7 - -
Saudi Arabia 17.6 21.6 31.0 28.8 23.8
Senegal 61.5 63.6 69.2 73.2 75.0
Serbia 53.6 51.9 57.0 56.5 55.1
Seychelles 51.3 48.9 77.6 70.7 -
Sierra Leone 69.1 72.5 76.3 79.3 95.8
Singapore 108 125 146 133 157
Slovakia 49.4 48.0 58.9 61.1 57.8
Slovenia 70.3 65.4 79.6 74.4 72.3
Solomon Islands 7.9 7.9 13.5 15.4 16.9
South Africa 51.5 56.1 68.8 68.8 71.1
South Sudan 69.2 42.8 49.9 52.5 37.8
Spain 100.4 98.2 120.3 116.8 111.6
Sri Lanka 78.4 81.9 96.5 100.1 113.8
Sudan 187 200 275 188 128
Suriname 68.6 84.7 147.8 119.6 -
Swaziland 33.9 39.5 41.2 40.8 42.0
Sweden 39.6 35.6 39.9 36.5 32.9
Switzerland 26.1 25.5 28.2 27.1 -
Taiwan 33.9 32.7 32.1 30.1 29.7
Tajikistan 46.6 43.5 49.8 42.5 34.6
Tanzania 40.5 39.1 39.8 42.1 -
Thailand 41.8 41.2 52.0 59.6 60.9
Timor-Leste 9.3 9.5 10.1 6.5 5.6
Togo 57.7 54.1 61.8 64.6 66.3
Tonga 45.9 41.3 43.6 47.5 47.5
Trinidad and Tobago 41.5 46.4 62.3 61.6 51.0
Tunisia 73.4 67.8 77.8 79.9 79.9
Turkey 29.9 32.4 39.4 40.4 30.8
Turkmenistan 18.9 15.3 13.1 10.1 5.2
Tuvalu 11.9 11.5 12.3 11.5 10.1
UAE 21.3 26.8 41.1 35.9 30.0
Uganda 34.9 37.6 46.4 50.6 48.4
Ukraine 60.9 50.2 60.4 49.0 78.5
United Kingdom 86.3 85.7 105.8 105.2 100.4
United States 106 108 130 126 122
Uruguay 59.0 60.1 74.4 69.1 67.2
Uzbekistan 19.6 28.5 37.4 36.6 34.9
Vanuatu 45.3 45.1 48.0 47.5 45.8
Venezuela 175 205 328 251 158
Vietnam 43.5 40.8 41.1 39.1 -
West Bank and Gaza 44.6 46.1 61.2 64.3 59.8
Yemen 89.5 94.6 89.5 74.4 66.0
Zambia 75.2 94.4 140.2 110.8 98.5
Zimbabwe 50.9 82.3 84.4 59.8 98.4

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