Estonia Merchandise Exports (USD bn)

Exports (USD billion)

Exports are defined as movable goods produced within the boundaries of one country, which are traded with another country. The sale of these goods generates foreign currency earnings in the country that produces them and boosts its economic growth. The greater the proportion of exports in relation to a country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP), the larger the boost will be to overall growth when overseas demand increases. Demand for exports is subject to economic conditions in foreign countries as well as prices, quality perception and reliability. In addition, a country’s production and flow of exports depend on trade restrictions, such as tariffs or quotas, and on subsidies, both domestically and abroad.

This chart displays Merchandise Exports (USD bn) for South Asia, Major Economies, Middle East & North Africa, Latin America, Euro Area from 2010 to 2023.

Exports (USD billion) Data

2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Afghanistan 0.9 0.9 0.8 - -
Albania 1.2 1.0 0.9 1.5 2.0
Algeria 41.2 35.3 21.9 38.4 65.1
Andorra 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 -
Angola 40.8 34.7 20.9 33.6 50.0
Antigua and Barbuda 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1
Argentina 61.8 65.1 54.9 77.9 88.4
Armenia 2.7 3.4 2.7 3.3 5.7
Aruba 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Australia 257 271 250 344 412
Austria 185 179 169 203 212
Azerbaijan 20.8 19.9 12.6 21.7 42.2
Bahamas, The 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.8
Bahrain 18.0 18.1 14.0 22.3 30.1
Bangladesh 38.6 39.0 32.4 42.0 51.0
Belarus 33.4 32.3 28.4 39.1 37.6
Belgium 468 447 421 550 637
Belize 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.5
Benin 3.3 3.1 3.0 3.6 -
Bhutan 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.8
Bolivia 8.9 8.8 7.0 11.1 13.5
Bosnia-Herz. 1.6 1.4 1.5 2.2 2.2
Botswana 6.6 5.3 4.3 7.4 8.3
Brazil 232 221 209 281 334
Brunei 6.5 7.2 6.5 11.0 14.1
Bulgaria 32.7 32.6 31.1 40.7 49.6
Burkina Faso 3.3 3.2 4.4 5.0 4.5
Burundi 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Cabo Verde 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.3
Cambodia 13.0 14.7 17.5 19.7 23.3
Cameroon 5.2 5.5 4.4 6.0 -
Canada 452 449 391 508 599
CdI 11.9 12.6 12.5 15.3 16.3
Chad 2.7 2.6 1.7 2.7 3.5
Chile 74.8 68.8 74.0 94.8 98.5
China 2,487 2,499 2,590 3,357 3,544
Colombia 43.0 40.7 32.3 42.7 59.5
Comoros 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
Congo 0.0 7.6 4.4 - -
Costa Rica 11.7 11.8 12.1 14.8 16.6
Croatia 14.4 14.3 13.7 17.5 21.6
Cuba 2.4 2.1 1.7 2.0 1.8
Cyprus 4.4 3.4 3.4 4.4 4.8
Czech Republic 161 156 146 176 184
Denmark 108 110 107 125 131
Djibouti 3.5 4.0 2.8 4.1 4.5
Dominica 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dominican Republic 10.6 11.2 10.3 12.5 13.8
DR Congo 16.0 13.2 13.8 22.2 28.6
Ecuador 22.2 22.8 20.6 27.0 33.0
Egypt 25.8 28.5 26.4 28.7 43.9
El Salvador 4.7 4.7 3.9 5.2 5.7
Equatorial Guinea 6.5 5.4 3.2 5.7 7.5
Eritrea 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.6
Estonia 14.9 14.9 15.1 19.4 21.2
Ethiopia 2.7 2.7 3.3 3.9 4.0
Euro Area 2,738 2,667 2,481 2,958 3,107
Fiji 1.0 1.0 0.8 0.8 1.1
Finland 74.2 72.7 67.2 83.0 93.1
France 613 596 504 622 669
Gabon 6.2 6.7 6.2 7.6 9.2
Gambia, The 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
Georgia 4.4 4.9 4.3 5.5 7.5
Germany 1,530 1,473 1,349 1,600 1,640
Ghana 14.9 15.7 14.5 14.7 17.5
Greece 38.2 36.3 33.0 46.5 56.5
Grenada 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Guatemala 9.6 9.9 10.1 12.4 14.3
Guinea 4.0 3.9 8.9 10.2 7.7
Guinea-Bissau 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2
Guyana 1.3 1.6 2.6 4.4 11.3
Haiti 1.1 1.2 0.9 1.1 1.3
Honduras 8.6 8.8 7.7 10.2 12.3
Hong Kong 531 510 507 639 580
Hungary 104 104 101 119 131
Iceland 5.6 5.3 4.7 6.1 7.5
India 330 313 292 422 438
Indonesia 180.7 168.5 163.4 232.8 292.5
Iran 92.7 60.0 49.8 79.5 97.7
Iraq 86.4 81.6 46.9 73.1 118.0
Ireland 250 253 277 332 373
Israel 60.2 60.4 59.1 69.8 79.9
Italy 533 514 473 587 623
Jamaica 2.0 1.7 1.3 1.5 1.9
Japan 736 697 629 749 751
Jordan 7.8 8.3 8.0 9.4 12.8
Kazakhstan 59.0 59.5 44.1 65.8 85.6
Kenya 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.7
Kiribati 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Korea 605 542 512 644 684
Kosovo 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.9 1.0
Kuwait 77.0 64.7 40.1 68.4 100.3
Kyrgyzstan 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.8 2.2
Laos 5.4 5.8 6.1 7.7 8.2
Latvia 14.9 14.3 15.3 19.2 21.8
Lebanon 3.5 4.5 3.8 4.3 4.4
Lesotho 1.2 1.1 0.9 1.1 1.1
Liberia 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.9 1.0
Libya 29.8 29.1 9.3 32.3 -
Lithuania 33.4 33.2 32.7 40.8 46.6
Luxembourg 28.2 27.0 24.5 29.0 27.5
Macao 2.0 1.9 4.2 8.0 6.5
Madagascar 3.0 2.6 1.9 2.7 3.5
Malawi 0.9 1.1 0.8 1.1 -
Malaysia 248.7 240.2 234.1 299.4 352.2
Maldives 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4
Mali 3.6 3.7 4.8 4.8 5.1
Malta 3.7 3.9 3.4 3.5 3.9
Marshall Islands 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1
Mauritania 2.1 2.3 2.8 3.3 3.2
Mauritius 2.4 2.2 1.8 2.0 2.4
Mexico 451 461 417 495 578
Micronesia, Federated States of 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1
Moldova 2.0 2.1 1.9 2.6 3.7
Mongolia 6.6 7.2 7.0 8.1 9.9
Montenegro 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.8
Morocco 24.6 24.7 23.6 31.7 36.5
Mozambique 6.0 4.8 3.6 5.7 8.3
Myanmar 11.1 10.8 9.8 9.5 -
Namibia 7.5 6.3 5.6 7.3 6.3
Nauru 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nepal 0.8 1.0 0.9 1.7 1.3
Netherlands 572 549 523 664 730
New Zealand 39.6 39.5 38.5 44.9 45.6
Nicaragua 4.2 4.3 4.4 5.6 6.3
Niger 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.3
Nigeria 61.2 65.0 35.9 46.9 64.2
North Macedonia 5.8 6.0 5.5 7.1 7.7
Oman 41.7 38.6 33.4 44.3 66.1
Pakistan 24.8 24.3 22.5 25.6 32.5
Palau 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Panama 14.8 14.6 11.6 16.8 20.9
Papua New Guinea 10.5 10.9 9.1 11.1 14.5
Paraguay 13.2 12.1 11.0 13.2 12.8
Peru 49.1 48.0 42.8 63.0 66.2
Philippines 69.3 70.9 65.2 74.7 79.6
Poland 242 247 253 311 339
Portugal 68.3 67.1 61.3 75.2 82.4
Puerto Rico 60.5 63.7 62.2 57.9 59.7
Qatar 84.3 72.9 51.5 87.2 130.9
Romania 72.9 70.6 65.6 83.0 90.4
Russia 444 420 334 494 592
Rwanda 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.5 2.1
Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Saint Lucia 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0
Samoa 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
San Marino 0.2 0.1 0.1 - -
Sao Tome and Principe 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Saudi Arabia 294 262 174 276 411
Senegal 3.9 4.4 4.2 5.5 5.7
Serbia 17.8 18.4 18.4 24.8 28.3
Seychelles 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6
Sierra Leone 0.7 0.6 0.6 1.0 -
Singapore 460 441 418 512 589
Slovakia 88.7 84.5 79.8 98.2 101.9
Slovenia 36.3 35.8 33.8 41.7 44.8
Solomon Islands 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.3
Somalia 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.6
South Africa 94.3 90.0 84.7 121.5 123.2
South Sudan 1.7 1.6 0.8 0.5 0.9
Spain 336 325 298 374 409
Sri Lanka 11.9 11.9 10.0 12.5 13.1
Sudan 3.5 3.7 3.8 5.0 4.4
Suriname 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.6
Swaziland 18.3 19.8 17.4 20.6 20.3
Sweden 180 179 170 211 217
Switzerland 345 343 353 438 475
Syrian Arab Republic 2.8 2.7 4.1 4.0 4.5
Taiwan 334 329 345 446 479
Tajikistan 0.9 1.0 1.3 2.0 1.6
Tanzania 4.3 5.4 6.4 6.8 7.2
Thailand 251.0 242.7 226.9 270.7 284.9
Timor-Leste 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.6 0.5
Togo 1.1 1.1 1.2 - -
Tonga 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Trinidad and Tobago 10.8 8.8 6.0 11.1 16.7
Tunisia 15.6 15.0 13.8 16.8 18.5
Turkey 179 182 168 225 253
Turkmenistan 9.8 10.6 6.5 9.4 13.2
Tuvalu 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
UAE 321 314 272 323 -
Uganda 3.6 4.1 4.5 4.5 4.3
Ukraine 43.3 46.1 45.1 63.1 40.9
United Kingdom 472 470 403 456 524
United States 1,677 1,655 1,434 1,766 2,090
Uruguay 11.8 11.9 10.1 15.8 17.0
Uzbekistan 11.4 13.9 12.8 14.1 17.1
Vanuatu 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1
Venezuela 33.7 - - - -
Vietnam 244 264 283 336 372
West Bank and Gaza 1.8 1.7 1.7 2.3 2.6
Yemen 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.7 -
Zambia 9.0 7.2 8.0 11.2 11.5
Zimbabwe 4.7 4.7 4.9 6.4 7.0

Free Sample Report

Interested in Exports (USD billion)? FocusEconomics provides data, forecasts and analysis for hundreds of countries and commodities. Request your free sample report now.

Close Left Media Arrows Left Media Circles Right Media Arrows Right Media Circles Arrow Quote Wave Address Email Telephone Man in front of screen with line chart Document with bar chart and magnifying glass Application window with bar chart Target with arrow Line Chart Stopwatch Globe with arrows Document with bar chart in front of screen Bar chart with magnifying glass and dollar sign Lightbulb Document with bookmark Laptop with download icon Calendar Icon Nav Menu Arrow Arrow Right Long Icon Arrow Right Icon Chevron Right Icon Chevron Left Icon Briefcase Icon Linkedin In Icon Full Linkedin Icon Filter Facebook Linkedin Twitter Pinterest