Skyline at night in Uruguay

Uruguay GDP

Uruguay GDP

Economic Growth in Uruguay

Uruguay recorded an average real GDP growth rate of 1.6% in the decade to 2022, above the 1.3% average for Latin America. In 2022, real GDP growth was 4.9%. For more GDP information, visit our dedicated page.

Uruguay GDP Chart

Note: This chart displays Economic Growth (GDP, annual variation in %) for Uruguay from 2013 to 2022.
Source: Central Bank of Uruguay.

Uruguay GDP Data

2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Economic Growth (GDP, ann. var. %) 0.2 0.7 -6.3 5.3 4.9
GDP (USD bn) 65.2 62.0 53.6 61.3 71.1
GDP (UYU bn) 2,003 2,188 2,255 2,675 2,930
Economic Growth (Nominal GDP, ann. var. %) 7.5 9.2 3.1 18.6 9.6

Economy records sharpest contraction since Q1 2021 in Q2

The economy contracted 2.5% on an annual basis in the second quarter, contrasting the first quarter's 1.5% increase. Q2's reading marked the worst reading since Q1 2021. On a seasonally-adjusted quarter-on-quarter basis, economic activity declined 1.4% in Q2, contrasting the previous period's 1.3% increase. Q2's reading marked the sharpest downturn since Q2 2020. The decline in the economy in the second quarter was to be expected, and was largely a result of the record drought, which weighed on agricultural and hydroelectric energy output. That said, declining inflation and unemployment and strong wage growth bolstered consumer spending. Looking at expenditure components, household spending growth improved to 4.8% year-on-year in Q2 compared to a 3.6% expansion in Q1. Public spending bounced back, growing 0.7% in Q2 (Q1: -2.9% yoy). Fixed investment contracted 7.6% in Q2, marking the worst reading since Q2 2020 (Q1: +4.2% yoy). On the external front, exports of goods and services fell 6.3% on an annual basis in the second quarter, which contrasted the first quarter's 13.7% expansion. In addition, imports of goods and services growth moderated to 7.5% in Q2 (Q1: +13.3% yoy). Looking ahead, the economy should return to growth in annual and quarterly terms in Q3 as the impact of the drought eases and monetary policy loosens. On the reading and outlook, EIU analysts said: “We will revise down our projection for Uruguay's 2023 GDP growth, from 1% currently, based on the sharper than expected decline in the second quarter. Nevertheless, we still expect the economy to recover as weather conditions normalise, leading to increased agricultural production and exports. Other factors that will support growth are rising real salaries (as disinflation boosts private consumption) and monetary easing by the BCU.”

Consensus Forecasts and Projections for the next ten years

How should you choose a forecaster if some are too optimistic while others are too pessimistic? FocusEconomics collects Uruguayan GDP projections for the next ten years from a panel of 23 analysts at the leading national, regional and global forecast institutions. These projections are then validated by our in-house team of economists and data analysts and averaged to provide one Consensus Forecast you can rely on for each indicator. By averaging all forecasts, upside and downside forecasting errors tend to cancel each other out, leading to the most reliable GDP forecast available for Uruguayan GDP.

Download one of our sample reports to visualize what a Consensus Forecast is and see our Uruguayan GDP projections.

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