Brunei Economic Outlook
August 24, 2021Recent data showed that the economy continued to shrink in annual terms in Q1 as GDP fell 1.4%, matching the previous quarter’s decline. On the production side, a contraction in the oil and gas sector drove the downturn, with oil and gas mining dropping in the quarter, while liquified natural gas manufacturing fell by over 10%. That said, the non-oil and gas sector continued to expand, supported by a notable increase in activity in the primary sector and a rebound in the services sector. On the expenditure side, considerable declines in government spending, fixed investment and exports led the drop, while private spending bucked the trend. Turning to Q2, data on goods exports for April hints at an improving external sector at the beginning of the period amid higher mineral fuel sales. However, a tightening of Covid-19-related restrictions in August could restrain activity somewhat in Q3.
Brunei Economic GrowthGrowth is poised to strengthen this year, following the pandemic-induced slowdown in 2020. The gradual lifting of restrictions at home and abroad as vaccines are rolled out should buoy investment and foreign demand, while a supportive fiscal stance should further boost momentum. The spread of Covid-19 variants and sluggish vaccination campaigns cloud the outlook. The panel sees GDP expanding 2.8% in 2021, which is unchanged from the prior month’s projection, and 3.1% in 2022.
Brunei Economy Data
|GDP per capita (USD)||31,383||27,346||28,211||30,689||30,135|
|GDP (USD bn)||12.9||11.4||12.1||13.6||13.5|
|Economic Growth (GDP, annual variation in %)||-0.6||-2.5||1.3||0.1||3.9|
|Fiscal Balance (% of GDP)||-14.5||-21.7||-10.6||-3.6||-10.5|
|Public Debt (% of GDP)||3.0||3.0||2.8||2.6||-|
|Inflation Rate (CPI, annual variation in %)||-0.3||-0.4||-1.3||0.1||-0.3|
|Policy Interest Rate (%)||5.50||5.50||5.50||5.50||5.50|
|Exchange Rate (vs USD)||1.53||1.53||1.56||1.59||1.53|
|Exchange Rate (vs USD, aop)||1.54||1.52||1.60||1.56||1.51|
|Current Account (% of GDP)||16.7||12.9||16.4||7.9||-|
|Current Account Balance (USD bn)||2.2||1.5||2.0||1.1||-|
|Trade Balance (USD billion)||2.9||2.2||2.4||2.4||2.1|
|Exports (USD billion)||6.1||4.8||5.5||6.6||7.2|
|Imports (USD billion)||3.2||2.7||3.1||4.2||5.1|
|Exports (annual variation in %)||-44.9||-21.4||13.8||20.1||10.2|
|Imports (annual variation in %)||-12.3||-17.3||15.5||35.7||22.4|
|International Reserves (USD)||3.2||3.3||3.3||3.2||-|
|External Debt (% of GDP)||-||-||-||-||-|
5 years of Brunei economic forecasts for more than 30 economic indicators.
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|Exchange Rate||1.34||0.0 %||Jan 01|
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