Israel Trade July 2018


Israel: Trade deficit widens in July despite a pick-up in export growth

August 13, 2018

In USD value terms, Israeli exports expanded 7.9% in July over the same month a year ago, markedly up from June’s revised 2.9% year-on-year increase (previously reported: -4.2% year-on-year). Trend data for May–July showed a softening in growth of manufacturing, and mining and quarrying exports compared to the previous rolling quarter. Exports from high-technology industries contracted, dropping at a sharper rate then in the February–April period. On the other hand, trend data showed continued growth in exports of medium-high and medium-low technology products, while exports of low-technology products such as food, beverages and tobacco expanded at an exceptionally strong pace.

Growth in imports increased 25.0% yoy in July from a 21.8% expansion in June. Data for May–July showed that imports of investment goods decreased at a double-digit rate, chiefly due to a sizable contraction in imports of transport equipment for investments. However, data showed a continuation of growth in consumer goods and raw material imports. Consumer goods imports expanded chiefly on the back of strong demand for non-durable goods, such as clothing and footwear.

As a result, the trade deficit widened to USD 3.2 billion in July from a revised USD 2.3 billion shortfall in June (previously reported: USD 2.6 billion deficit). The print is markedly larger than the USD 2.1 billion deficit registered in the same month last year. The 12-month rolling trade deficit also widened, from a revised USD 21.0 billion deficit in June (previously reported: USD 19.9 billion deficit) to USD 22.2 billion in July.

FocusEconomics Consensus Forecast panelists expect exports and imports to grow 4.9% and 6.7% respectively in 2018. Our panel expects a trade deficit of USD 11.2 billion in 2018. For 2019, panelists see exports growing 5.3%, imports growing 5.0% and the trade deficit widening to 11.6 USD billion.

Author:, Economist

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Israel Trade Chart

Israel Trade July 2018

Note: 12-month sum of trade balance in USD billion and annual average variation of the 12-month sum of exports and imports.
Source: Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) and FocusEconomics calculations.

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