Cliff on the ocean in Cyprus

Cyprus Economy

Cyprus' economy in numbers:

Nominal GDP of USD 29.2 billion in 2022.

GDP per capita of USD 32,262 compared to the global average of USD 10,589.

Average real GDP growth of 2.4% over the last decade.

Share of the region's population
Share of the region's GDP

Economic structure:

In 2021, services accounted for 85% of overall GDP, manufacturing 6%, other industrial activity 7%, and agriculture 2%. Looking at GDP by expenditure, private consumption accounted for 62% of GDP in 2021, government consumption 20%, fixed investment 17%, and net exports 1%.

GDP by economic sector
GDP by type of expenditure

International trade:

In 2021, manufactured products made up 32% of total merchandise exports, mineral fuels 26%, food 30%, ores and metals 7% and agricultural raw materials 1%, with other categories accounting for 4% of the total. In the same period, manufactured products made up 64% of total merchandise imports, mineral fuels 18%, food 15%, ores and metals 1% and agricultural raw materials 1%, with other goods accounting for 1% of the total. Total exports were worth USD 5 billion in 2022, while total imports were USD 11 billion.

Key exports
Key imports
Key export partners
Key import partners

Economic growth:

The economy recorded average annual growth of 2.4% in the decade to 2022. To read more about GDP growth in Cyprus, go to our dedicated page.

Fiscal policy:

Cyprus's fiscal deficit averaged 2.4% of GDP in the decade to 2022. Find out more on our dedicated page.


The unemployment rate averaged 10.9% in the decade to 2022. For more information on Cyprus's unemployment click here.


Inflation averaged 1.1% in the decade to 2022. Go to our Cyprus inflation page for extra insight.

Monetary Policy:

Euro Area monetary policy rate ended 2022 at 2.50%, up from 0.75% a decade earlier. See our Cyprus monetary policy page for additional details.

Exchange Rate:

From end-2012 to end-2022 the euro weakened by 18.2% vs the U.S. dollar. For more info on the euro, click here.
Preliminary national accounts data revealed that GDP growth softened to 2.1% year on year in Q4 from 2.6% in Q3. The hospitality, transportation, domestic trade and information sectors supported momentum. Meanwhile, the external sector seemingly struggled in the period: Merchandise exports contracted by over 25%, and tourist arrivals growth eased. Turning to 2024, activity is likely proving resilient in Q1. In January, economic sentiment ticked up from Q4’s average, spurred by the retail and industrial sectors. In other news, in mid-February, Energy Minister Papanastasiou announced that the country could start producing natural gas by 2026, boding well for domestic energy security and exports. At the same time, Italian energy company Eni reported positive results regarding its ongoing exploration of Cyprus’ Cronos field.
Projections out to 2033.

41 indicators covered including both annual and quarterly frequencies.

Consensus Forecasts based on a panel of 15 expert analysts.

Want to get insight on the economic outlook for Cyprus in the coming years? FocusEconomics collects projections out to 2033 on 41 economic indicators for Cyprus from a panel of 15 analysts at the leading national, regional and global forecast institutions. These projections are then validated by our in-house team of economists and data analysts, and averaged to provide one Consensus Forecast you can rely on for each indicator. This means you avoid the risk of relying on out of date, biased or outlier forecasts. Our Consensus Forecasts can be visualized in whichever way best suits your needs, including via interactive online dashboards , direct data delivery and executive-style reports which combine analysts' projections with timely written analysis from our in-house team of economists on the latest developments in the Cyprus economy. To download a sample report on the Cyprus' economy, click here . To get in touch with our team for more information, fill in the form at the bottom of this page .

Cyprus Economic Data

2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Population (million) 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
GDP (EUR bn) 21.7 23.2 22.1 24.9 27.8
GDP per capita (EUR) 25,087 26,459 24,872 27,821 30,693
Economic Growth (Nominal GDP, ann. var. %) 6.7 6.9 -4.7 12.9 11.4
Economic Growth (GDP, ann. var. %) 5.6 5.5 -3.4 9.9 5.1
Private Consumption (ann. var. %) 5.1 3.8 -6.5 5.2 8.7
Government Consumption (ann. var. %) 3.6 12.4 11.0 7.5 2.7
Fixed Investment (ann. var. %) -4.9 6.9 5.7 0.0 8.3
Exports (G&S, ann. var. %) 7.2 8.7 1.6 21.6 13.6
Imports (G&S, ann. var. %) 4.3 9.5 3.2 15.4 18.3
Industrial Production (ann. var. %) 7.4 4.4 -7.3 6.4 1.2
Unemployment (% of active population, aop) 8.4 7.1 7.6 7.5 6.8
Fiscal Balance (% of GDP) -3.6 0.9 -5.7 -1.9 2.4
Public Debt (% of GDP) 98.5 93.0 114.9 99.3 85.6
Inflation (CPI, ann. var. %, eop) 1.7 0.7 -1.1 4.8 7.9
Inflation (HICP, ann. var. %, eop) 1.0 0.7 -0.8 4.8 7.6
Inflation (HICP, ann. var. %, aop) 0.8 0.5 -1.1 2.3 8.1
ECB Refinancing Rate (%, eop) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.50
ECB Overnight Deposit Rate (%, eop) -0.40 -0.50 -0.50 -0.50 2.00
3-Month EURIBOR (%, eop) -0.31 -0.38 -0.55 -0.57 2.13
Exchange Rate (USD per EUR, eop) 1.14 1.12 1.22 1.14 1.07
Exchange Rate (USD per EUR, aop) 1.18 1.12 1.14 1.18 1.05
Current Account Balance (EUR bn) -0.9 -1.3 -2.2 -1.5 -2.2
Current Account Balance (% of GDP) -4.0 -5.6 -10.0 -6.1 -7.9
Merchandise Trade Balance (EUR bn) -4.5 -4.6 -4.2 -4.4 -6.0
Foreign Direct Investment (EUR bn) -0.4 46.6 -20.0 -31.4 4.6

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