Widodo Launches Reform Agenda with Fuel Price Hike
On 17 November, Indonesia’s new President, Joko Widodo, announced that the price of government subsidized fuel would be raised by more than 30%. In addition to fulfilling his election promise to reduce government spending, the move also suggests that Widodo is serious about implementing economic reforms that are crucial for the country’s long term growth, even if they are unpopular and may limit short-term economic activity. The price hike is designed to relieve pressure on government finances, narrow the current account deficit through reduced fuel imports, and provide funds for much-needed infrastructure and social spending.
Indonesia’s annual fuel subsidy bill is greater than USD 20 billion, accounting for more than 3% of GDP and about 20% of total government spending. Under the new policy, gasoline and diesel fuel prices were both hiked by IDR 2000 (USD 0.16) to IDR 8500 per liter and IDR 7500 per liter, respectively. The government said that it expects to save more than USD 8 billion in 2015 as a result. Analysts tend to have more conservative estimates, but when combined with the substantive positive impact of falling global oil prices, the savings generated should represent between 1.0% and 1.5% of GDP. The 2015 budget will be revised in Q1 2015 to determine specifics on where the savings will be channeled.
Higher fuel prices will drive inflation up in the coming months and put a pinch on consumer purchasing, but the government announced a series of measures to mitigate the impact on lower-income earners. Moreover, while the new fuel policy will likely boost investor confidence, there is uncertainty as to whether Widodo will be able to overcome political challenges to push further subsidy reform in 2015 if he even has the intention to do so. Lavanya Venkateswaran and Euben Paracuelles, analysts at Nomura, explain:
“There is no doubt that Jokowi’s decision to raise fuel prices is a step in the right direction. However, there are few indications that more subsidy reforms can be delivered next year. If Jokowi were to deliver on his promise to phase out fuel subsidies over the next few years, he would need a credible medium-term plan and a more comprehensive approach to subsidy rationalization. This is so far missing.”
While there is some uncertainty about the prospect of additional reform measures being introduced in Indonesia, Widodo’s big decision to hike fuel prices should have a positive impact on the country’s macroeconomic fundamentals.
Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the opinion of FocusEconomics S.L.U. Views, forecasts or estimates are as of the date of the publication and are subject to change without notice. This report may provide addresses of, or contain hyperlinks to, other internet websites. FocusEconomics S.L.U. takes no responsibility for the contents of third party internet websites.
Author: Carl Kelly, Economist
Date: December 2, 2014
TagsBudget deficit Bitcoin IMF Base Metals Commodities Australia Cannabis chile European Union Exchange Rate Eurozone Economic Debt GDP precious metals Latin America Asian Financial Crisis Canada TPP Copper Germany Greece economic growth Base Metals Infographic Israel Unemployment rate Vietnam Iran Energy Commodities Cryptocurrency Venezuela Euro Area Costa Rica; GDP; Budget MENA interview Eastern Europe Nordic Economies oil prices Mexico Resource Curse Healthcare Gold Draghi Economic Growth (GDP) Precious Metals Commodities Major Economies France China Trade Forex Company News Canadian Economy United States Asia Portugal Consensus Forecast G7 United Kingdom Lagarde Nigeria Economists OPEC CIS Countries Palladium Commodities Inflation South Africa Spain Emerging Markets UK Russia India Tunisia Asean Brazil Sub-Saharan Africa scotiabank Political Risk Exports Brexit Colombia election Agricultural Commodities Economic Crisis Argentina Central America Turkey Investment public debt USA TPS Africa Oil Japan Ukraine Banking Sector Italy Housing Market
Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam all saw their 2021 growth forecasts trimmed by our panel this month… https://t.co/xVVEEw1y7I
2 days ago
On 1 January, African countries opened their markets under the first phase of the African Continental Free Trade Ag… https://t.co/bMyUN6OAZM
3 days ago
In a poll earlier this week we asked which Latin American country would have the highest inflation in 2021. With ov… https://t.co/jG7sQgVfEM
6 days ago
The sol had been trending gradually lower since the beginning of the Covid-19 pandemic, hitting a then-record low o… https://t.co/yYm0yEmXav
6 days ago
In 2021, the regional economy should rebound from last year’s Covid-19-induced slump. However, still-tight containm… https://t.co/HbCUMEUIQV
1 week ago