China: The Key to Sustainable Growth
More than a year and a half has passed since the Chinese Communist Party's leaders last published a detailed blue print for overhauling the country’s economic model. Xi Jinping and Li Keqiang emphasized that China had to transition from an economic system, mostly based on investment, manufacturing and exports, to a model centered on consumption and services. The ultimate goal of the Xi-Li administration was to rebalance the economy toward a more sustainable long-term growth trajectory.
Although the reforms comprised a wide range of sectors, perhaps one of the most relevant initiatives was the reform of the financial system. This is an opportunity to assess the state of the economic reforms in the financial sector now that China and the International Monetary Fund are in talks to include the yuan in the Special Drawing Rights (SDR) basket and since the recent turmoil in the stock markets has raised doubts over the situation of the financial sector.
The World Bank indicated last month in its 37-page “China Economic Update” that China’s economic reforms should focus more on the financial sector to avoid further problems with growth:
“Without fundamental reforms, the current financial system will be unable to support any substantial reallocation of credit to support productive growth.”
With the new Xi-Li administration, China has finally entered into a phase of a steady and solid progress in economic reforms. That said, as stated by the World Bank, the financial sector is one of the key sectors in which the government should put special emphasis if it wants to succeed in its intentions to rebalance the country’s growth model.
The financial sector reform is crucial to boost efficiency, improve resource allocation and enhance the access to financing, particularly to households and small- and medium-sized enterprises. However, a more comprehensive view is necessary and helps to understand that the financial sector reform has to be accompanied by other initiatives such as the overhaul of the state-owned enterprise system and a further opening of the capital account, for example.
While China has begun financial sector reforms, these initiatives may not be enough and the implementation of deeper, speedier reform measures may be necessary. However, Chinese authorities are true to their style of implementing reforms in a gradual manner. So far this year, authorities have made some announcements confirming the government’s commitment to move reforms forward. The new measures include the long-awaited deposit insurance scheme, the certificate of deposits for individual investors, an increase in the ceiling for deposit rates, a massive debt swap program to reduce financing costs for cash-strapped local governments and initiatives to regulate the shadow banking, among others.
Despite some progress and acknowledging authorities’ preference for a gradual approach to reforms, there is still room to enhance the scope and pace of reforms in the financial system, particularly in interest rates liberalization and FX flexibility.
China is already delivering on its promise to accelerate and deepen economic reforms in many areas. That said, in the short term, FocusEconomics economists consider that authorities should persevere in their efforts to further promote capital account convertibility, complete interest rate liberalization and loosen FX rules. Expanding and accelerating the current pilot reform programs for state-owned enterprises should be a priority. In order to shift consumption and saving patterns, the government should also strengthen the social safety net. On the fiscal side, the central government has to provide a clear scheme for local government financing to avoid them to tap into off-balance-sheet entities to raise funds.
Along with the significant moves made in the past few years, the Chinese government should embark on reforms affecting the core of the country’s economic system. Rather than implementing partial reforms to tackle specific issues, the government should initiate a complete overhaul of the economic framework in order to create a more competitive, independent and dynamic business environment. It is now time to put into effect the famous sentence enshrined in the Third Plenum of the Chinese Communist Party's 18th Central Committee held in 2013 of, “giving the market a decisive role in resource allocation.”
Author: Ricard Torné, Lead Economist
Date: July 14, 2015
TagsForex Energy Commodities Latin America precious metals France Nordic Economies Brazil Infographic Sub-Saharan Africa Spain Mexico Commodities Economic Growth (GDP) IMF Exchange Rate Italy United Kingdom Eurozone Major Economies Africa Japan MENA United States Bitcoin Ukraine Emerging Markets Turkey Tunisia Banking Sector Eastern Europe Vietnam Healthcare Canada Euro Area UK USA Cryptocurrency Trade Australia India oil prices Argentina Portugal European Union TPP Greece Oil Iran Housing Market Gold Venezuela Colombia Brexit Asia Base Metals Commodities South Africa Agricultural Commodities Company News China Unemployment rate OPEC Inflation Investment G7 Consensus Forecast Precious Metals Commodities Germany Russia
Panama's economy is set to regain momentum this year on the back of the ramp-up in production at the Cobre Panama m… https://t.co/1VSuAjWx9r
2 hours ago
Measures underway to improve Colombia's fiscal account will likely restrain the pace of expansion in 2019. Read mor… https://t.co/iCfPnVCrmE
18 hours ago
Venezuela's economy is seen contracting 10.3% in 2019, which is down 1.9 percentage points from last month's foreca… https://t.co/lkB8zhWaHY
20 hours ago
Precious metal prices are seen rising 6.1% in Q4 2019 compared to the same period of 2018 (previous month: +4.8% ye… https://t.co/42pkJS5aeo
23 hours ago
Dominican GDP is seen growing 5.1% in 2019, which is up 0.1 percentage points from last month's forecast. Find out… https://t.co/AQay04xqi3
1 day ago
- Brexit Scenarios: Consensus of 14 Economic Analysts
- Sweden just formed a new government and approved its 2019 budget: what does it mean for the economy?
- Which countries have the highest public debt levels?
- Predictions for the global economy in 2019 from 13 experts
- Gurdgiev: Predictions for the global economy in 2019
- Daniel Lacalle's ideas for 2019: Change of cycle.
- Vietnam Poised to Profit from Free Trade Agreement Opportunities
- Canada in 2019: Interview with a Top Economic Forecaster
- Pound Sterling 2019 Exchange Rate: Projections from Leading Analysts
- Expectations for Latin America’s Economy in 2019
- Ethiopia and Rwanda: From Destruction to Development
- Key commodities trends to look out for in 2019
- What drove Gulf neighbors to bail out Bahrain?
- The Four Financial Bubbles and Their Impact on the U.S. Economy
- The Poorest Countries in the World
- Italy: The sick man of Europe
- What does Bolsonaro's presidential win mean for Brazil's economic outlook?
- The World's Top 10 Largest Economies
- In Latin America, taxpayers are tapped to shoulder the burden of a bank bailout
- How and when will the next financial crisis happen? - 26 experts weigh in
- China and Africa: A partnership under the spotlight
- The conditions are ripe for a Global Financial Crisis 2.0
- Uncertainty, instability and fear haunt a generation of Argentinians
- 5 things: What to expect for Mexico's economy in 2019
- 5 things: Brazil's economic downturn and what to expect going forward
- Emerging Market Currency Crisis: Everything you need to know
- Which ASEAN countries are most exposed in the event of a U.S.-China trade war?
- 75 Top Economics Influencers to Follow
- Emerging Markets Economic Outlook 2018 and 2019
- The Faces Behind Latin America’s Key Institutions
- 2019 Economic Outlook for the Top Oil Producing Countries
- Is your cup of coffee about to get more expensive going in to 2019?
- The Economic Implications of an Aging Global Population
- Can the Wisdom of the Crowds predict the results of the 2018 World Cup?
- Railway Mania: The Largest Speculative Bubble You’ve Never Heard Of
- From Riches to Rags: Have Cryptocurrencies Crashed for Good?
- Investment looks to Latin America, but forecasts are not encouraging
- Turkey: Erdogan has cemented his grip on power - now what about the economy?
- How can Latin America’s business environment benefit from technological change?
- Mexico: A look at the past, present and future as elections yield AMLO victory
- Italy’s New Populist Government and the Eurozone: Prelude to a Crisis?
- Latin America moves toward increased integration as U.S. protectionism grows
- How can Latin America increase productivity without affecting the quality of employment?
- How will Saudi Arabia's economy benefit from lifting the women's driving ban?
- Which countries are the most prepared for the upcoming digital revolution?
- India Under Pressure from the U.S. on Trade Policy
- The Story of Steel
- Latin America is the World Leader in eCommerce Growth Despite Serious Challenges
- What the TPP means for trade in Latin America
- Elections in Russia: Analysis and Implications
- Nearly a Third of Latin Americans Have No Right to a Pension
- A Look at Healthcare Models Around the World
- Newly-elected Chilean President Sebastian Piñera faces a myriad of challenges - economic and otherwise
- The Economic Effects of Trade Protectionism
- Regional Disparity: The Dark Side of Inequality in Latin America
- Coal: The story of the world's most abundant fossil fuel
- Gold: The Most Precious of Metals (Part 3)
- Venezuela's Electoral Conundrum
- Trump's 1st Year: 95 Analysts Surveyed on U.S. Economy
- The Latest on China and What's in Store for 2018
- An in-depth look at the Eurozone’s booming economy and the challenges that lurk in the shadows
- Increasing poverty in Latin America takes a breather thanks to improving economic dynamics
- What will be the most miserable economies in 2018?
- Is Spain doing enough to address its high youth unemployment rate?
- Has Latin America gone far enough in reducing barriers to international trade?
- Commodities Outlook: Oil, Natural Gas, Coal, Lead & Tin
- 21 experts tell us what the future looks like for cryptocurrencies and blockchain
- Turkish lira plummets to all-time low on Erdogan’s monetary feud and tense U.S.-Turkey relations
- Copper: The first metal mastered by man
- Nigerian Economy Still Treading Water Thanks to Oil Sector
- The Mercosur-EU Free Trade Agreement: Obstacles & Opportunities
- Elections in Chile: What the results could mean for the economy
- QE’s Untold Story: A Chart That Fed Correspondents Need To Investigate
- Holland’s fragile one-seat majority government targets economic growth at the expense of fiscal sustainability
- South Africa: Economy at a tipping point?
- Latin American Commodities: What’s behind the increase in demand and prices?
- Is the UK really "shackled to a corpse"?
- Spain-Catalonia: 7 economic experts weigh in on how the situation will affect the outlook
- How well is Spain's labor market doing since the crisis?
- Which countries will have the highest and lowest inflation in 2017?
- How vulnerable is Latin America to economic crises today?
- Iron ore facts and common questions answered
- The bulging economic costs of obesity
- How much investment is needed to salvage Latin America’s crumbling infrastructure?
- A Look at the Potential Impact of Brexit on the Dutch Economy
- Emerging Markets Are Kicking Into Higher Gear In 2017
- Why is foreign direct investment in Latin America falling again?
- Are Central Banks Nationalising the Economy?
- Bounty or burden? The impact of refugees on European economies is far from clear
- What’s the future of U.S.-Latin America trade relations?
- Taxes or cutbacks? Latin America's challenge of sustaining spending without causing debt to skyrocket
- Are uranium prices making a comeback?
- Taxing the Economy: Achieving a Delicate Balance
- How will Latin America’s upcoming lengthy election cycle affect the reform agenda and credit ratings?
- How will emerging market economies perform in 2017?
- Chilean Economy in Focus: Interview with Senior Economist of the Chamber of Commerce of Santiago
- CEOs Rank Top Economies for Growth Opportunities
- The Mobile Ecosystem & Latin America's Economy
- Prospects and Challenges for the Global Economy: Interview with Tim Cooper from BMI Research
- How will the Fed reduce its balance sheet & and how will the ECB end QE? - 19 economic experts weigh in
- Thoughts on "unwinding" QE from Frances Coppola
- The Fed and ECB at a crossroads: Unwinding QE
- Spain: The economy that continues to silence the critics
- Latin America: The Most Unequal Region in the World
- The History of OPEC: Has it been a Success?
- FocusEconomics Announces 2017 Analyst Forecast Awards Winners
- Latin America’s rising unemployment bucks nearly decade long trend
- Escape from the Central Bank Trap by Daniel Lacalle
- China's economic rebalancing act: What to look out for in 2017
- Driving Growth in Latin America: Challenges & Priorities
- Is the Global Economy Rebalancing?
- Commodity exporters face challenging times
- Recent Global Events Facilitate Mercosur-Pacific Alliance
- 23 economic experts weigh in: Why is productivity growth so low?
- Mexico's outlook as Trump nears 100-day mark
- Interview with Oxford Economics Senior Economist on implications of the possible outcomes of the French Presidential Election
- The anxiety of the small saver in a world of negative interest rates
- Brexit negotiations. Between Uncertainty and Urgency
- An Economic History of the EU from El Blog Salmón
- Baby Boomin': Implications of high population growth in Latin America
- Survey of International Economists Predicts a Le Pen Defeat in French Elections, Says Macron has Best Economic Plan
- Spain in a global context: developed economy with some challenges
- How much is crime costing Latin America?
- Predictions & Estimates from Economist Daniel Lacalle
- What economy will the new Dutch government inherit?
- “The data is not a true reflection of reality in India” Interview with Société Générale India Economist
- What are the prospects for Emerging Economies in 2017?
- What to expect in Asia for 2017
- Top Economics & Finance Blogs of 2017
- 4 Key European Elections That Will Impact the Economy in 2017
- Latam to Resume Moderate Growth in 2017 but Important Risks Plague Outlook
- How are security concerns and political chaos affecting Turkey’s economy?
- Global growth to edge up in 2017
- Set to breach targets again? Debt and deficit outlooks for Southern European Eurozone countries in 2016 & 2017
- What does Donald Trump mean for the U.S. economy?
- How will emerging markets perform in 2017?
- The economic impact of a break in U.S.-Philippines ties
- Trump election: Base metals surge due to infrastructure plan
- 5 updates on the Venezuelan economic crisis
- Canada: When your neighbor’s house is on fire…
- Short-term pain before long-term gain? A look at French labor reform and economic growth
- Asia: Unremarkable growth & unfulfilled promises?
- How India's latest monsoon is affecting the economy
- Innovation in Latin America: Potential Goes Untapped Due to Weak Economic Conditions
- Russian economy update in wake of OPEC deal announcement
- The Wisdom of the Crowds and the Consensus Forecast
- Can the peso predict the U.S. election results?
- There's no end in sight to the Venezuela crisis
- A Look at the European Union Political Calendar
- Survey of international economists shows uncertainty surrounding elections damaging U.S. growth prospects
- FocusEconomics partners with leading online statistics provider Statista
- China: Recent postive economic data may be papering over the cracks
- Sub-Saharan Africa's 2016 & 2017 growth rates
- The Italian Dilemma: Weak banks pose risk to already faltering domestic demand
- How much money do migrants from Latin America send home?
- The U.S.' (Not So) Mysterious Case of the Missing Men
- What to expect from the G20 economies by 2020
- The Pain in Spain: Robust GDP growth cannot mask the persistent structural deficit