Spain PMI November 2020


Spain: Composite PMI dips to six-month low in November as Covid-19 cuts demand

December 3, 2020

Reflecting a steeper decline in services activity and a return to contraction by the manufacturing sector, the IHS Markit composite Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) dipped from 44.1 in October to 41.7 in November—the lowest reading since May. Consequently, the index dropped further below the 50-threshold, indicating a sharp fall in business activity over the previous month.

The IHS Markit Services PMI slid to 39.5 in November from 41.4 in October, indicating a stronger contraction of service sector activity. New business retreated again in November as Covid-19 associated restrictions restrained consumer mobility and overall demand, with the key hospitality industry particularly badly hit. Amid a lack of new business and resulting excess capacity, firms cut staffing levels once again. On a more positive note, business confidence firmed to its highest since March 2019 on hopes that Covid-19 vaccines will support a strong economic recovery in 2021.

Similarly, the IHS Markit Manufacturing PMI slumped from 52.5 in October to 49.8 in November. Thus, the print pointed to a slight deterioration in operating conditions in the manufacturing sector. Declining new orders were primarily behind the monthly slip, as the pandemic weighed heavily on demand. Factory output was broadly stable from October, but employment declined for the first time in three months amid excess capacity at plants. Lastly, sentiment among good-producers strengthened to its highest in over a year and a half amid optimism that the pandemic will be brought under control.

FocusEconomics Consensus Forecast panelists expect GDP to grow 6.0% in 2021 and 4.6% in 2022.

Author:, Economist

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Spain PMI Chart

Spain PMI November 20 20

Note: IHS Markit Spain Purchasing Managers’ Index Manufacturing, Services and Composite Index. A reading above 50 indicates an expansion in business activity while a value below 50 points to a contraction.
Source: IHS Markit.

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