The skyline in Sweden

Sweden GDP

Sweden GDP

Economic Growth in Sweden

The economy of Sweden recorded an average growth rate of 2.3% in the decade to 2022. In 2022, real GDP growth was 2.9%. For more GDP information, visit our dedicated page.

Sweden GDP Chart

Note: This chart displays Economic Growth (GDP, annual variation in %) for Sweden from 2013 to 2022.
Source: Statistics Sweden.

Sweden GDP Data

2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Economic Growth (GDP, ann. var. %) 2.0 2.0 -2.3 5.9 2.9
GDP (USD bn) 555 534 547 639 591
GDP (EUR bn) 470 477 480 541 563
GDP (SEK bn) 4,828 5,050 5,039 5,487 5,985
Economic Growth (Nominal GDP, ann. var. %) 4.4 4.6 -0.2 8.9 9.1

Economy disappoints and stagnates in Q3

The Swedish economy flatlined in the third quarter, after a 0.8% decline in the second quarter, according to preliminary figures released by Statistics Sweden. This development fell short of the expectations of most market analysts, who had expected a rebound in growth following Q2’s slump. Nevertheless, it meant the economy avoided entering a technical recession. Meanwhile, in annual terms, GDP contracted 1.3% in Q3, following the previous three month’s decrease of 0.8% year on year. Q3’s downturn was the steepest since Q2 2020—the onset of the Covid-19 pandemic.

Although the details of the release are still pending, the result reflected July’s strong performance, with GDP posting a 1.3% month-on-month expansion, which offset contractions in the following two months. Private consumption rose in July and August by 0.5% month on month: Falling price pressures, coupled with stronger nominal year-on-year wage growth in July–August, seemingly boosted disposable incomes. However, the unemployment rate rose in Q3, likely capping the overall improvement. Meanwhile, the Riksbank’s tightening cycle has likely dented investment, which, paired with goods exports deteriorating further in the quarter, helps explain the overall stagnation.

Our panelists have penciled in a shallow quarter-on-quarter decline in Q4, with the Swedish economy expected to decline overall in 2023. A more comprehensive breakdown of national accounts data for Q3 will be released on 29 November.

Consensus Forecasts and Projections for the next ten years

How should you choose a forecaster if some are too optimistic while others are too pessimistic? FocusEconomics collects Swedish GDP projections for the next ten years from a panel of 29 analysts at the leading national, regional and global forecast institutions. These projections are then validated by our in-house team of economists and data analysts and averaged to provide one Consensus Forecast you can rely on for each indicator. By averaging all forecasts, upside and downside forecasting errors tend to cancel each other out, leading to the most reliable GDP forecast available for Swedish GDP.

Download one of our sample reports to visualize what a Consensus Forecast is and see our Swedish GDP projections.

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