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United Kingdom Fiscal Balance

United Kingdom Fiscal Balance

Fiscal Balance in United Kingdom

The United Kingdom's fiscal deficit from 2013 to 2022 was marked by austerity, Brexit, and the pandemic. Efforts to reduce the deficit through spending cuts and tax increases were evident until 2016. Brexit-related uncertainties slowed deficit reduction progress. The COVID-19 pandemic necessitated significant fiscal spending, resulting in a substantial deficit. By 2022, the focus shifted to balancing fiscal consolidation with supporting post-pandemic recovery, amid ongoing Brexit economic adjustments and global uncertainties.

The fiscal balance of the United Kingdom averaged -5.2% of GDP in the decade to 2022, slightly below the major economies' average of -4.5%. The UK's fiscal balance in 2022 was -4.7% of GDP. For more fiscal balance information, visit our dedicated page.

United Kingdom Fiscal Balance Chart

Note: This chart displays Fiscal Balance (% of GDP) for United Kingdom from 2014 to 2023.
Source: UK Office for National Statistics.

United Kingdom Fiscal Balance Data

2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
Fiscal Balance (% of GDP) -2.5 -13.1 -7.9 -4.7 -5.9
Consensus Forecasts and Projections for the next ten years

How should you choose a forecaster if some are too optimistic while others are too pessimistic? FocusEconomics collects British fiscal balance projections for the next ten years from a panel of 15 analysts at the leading national, regional and global forecast institutions. These projections are then validated by our in-house team of economists and data analysts and averaged to provide one Consensus Forecast you can rely on for each indicator. By averaging all forecasts, upside and downside forecasting errors tend to cancel each other out, leading to the most reliable fiscal balance forecast available for British fiscal balance.

Download one of our sample reports to visualize what a Consensus Forecast is and see our British fiscal balance projections.

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