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China Merchandise Imports

China Merchandise Imports

Merchandise Imports in China

Merchandise imports in China were worth USD 2,707 billion in 2022, and the average over the last decade was USD 2,070 billion. For more imports information, visit our dedicated page.

China Merchandise Imports Chart

Note: This chart displays Imports (USD billion) for China from 2014 to 2023.
Source: General Administration of Customs China.

China Merchandise Imports Data

2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Merchandise Imports (USD bn) 2,136 2,078 2,066 2,687 2,707
Merchandise Imports (ann. var. %) 15.8 -2.7 -0.6 30.0 0.7

Merchandise exports increase in May

Merchandise exports climbed 7.6% over the same month last year in May (April: +1.5% year-on-year), overshooting market expectations. Meanwhile, merchandise imports rose 1.8% on an annual basis in May (April: +8.4% yoy). The soft imports data hints at equally soft domestic demand. As a result, the merchandise trade balance improved from the previous month, recording a USD 82.6 billion surplus in May (April 2024: USD 72.4 billion surplus; May 2023: USD 75.1 billion surplus). Lastly, the trend pointed up, with the 12-month trailing merchandise trade balance recording a USD 829.2 billion surplus in May, compared to the USD 811.8 billion surplus in April.

Chinese merchandise exports should rise in 2024 as a whole relative to 2023, thanks to the global electronics upcycle and China’s increasing competitiveness in sectors such as electric vehicles and batteries. That said, exports will likely rise by less than in neighboring economies such as Taiwan and Korea. This relatively soft increase will be due to Western trade and tech restrictions on Chinese products, and elevated capacity in some Chinese export sectors weighing on export prices.

On the reading and outlook, EIU analysts said: “The data align with recent regional trade trends and affirm our view that a lift in global demand points to improved Chinese export prospects in 2024. Our forecasts expect China’s external balance to contribute positively to headline real GDP growth this year, reversing the drag recorded in 2023, when goods exports experienced a severe correction stemming from a normalisation in pandemic-era demand.”

Consensus Forecasts and Projections for the next ten years

How should you choose a forecaster if some are too optimistic while others are too pessimistic? FocusEconomics collects Chinese merchandise imports projections for the next ten years from a panel of 8 analysts at the leading national, regional and global forecast institutions. These projections are then validated by our in-house team of economists and data analysts and averaged to provide one Consensus Forecast you can rely on for each indicator. By averaging all forecasts, upside and downside forecasting errors tend to cancel each other out, leading to the most reliable merchandise imports forecast available for Chinese merchandise imports.

Download one of our sample reports to visualize what a Consensus Forecast is and see our Chinese merchandise imports projections.

Want to get access to the full dataset of Chinese merchandise imports forecasts? Send an email to

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