Korea skyline

Korea Monetary Policy January 2020

Korea: BOK stands pat in January and turns less dovish

At its 17 January monetary policy meeting, the Bank of Korea (BOK) voted to keep the base rate unchanged at 1.25%, as had been widely expected by market analysts. The decision marks the second consecutive hold after the BOK twice lowered rates in 2019.

The Bank kept its accommodative monetary stance, citing muted price pressures, sluggish global trade and geopolitical risks. Inflation accelerated to 0.7% in December from 0.2% in November, and the Bank expects it to pick up slightly this year and average roughly 1.0%. Nevertheless, inflation will likely remain below the Bank’s target rate of 2.0% for this year and 2021. Meanwhile, the domestic economy seems to be gaining some momentum, as employment levels and housing prices have increased slightly in recent months, which should be stoking household spending growth.

The BOK took a more or less neutral stance in its communiqué, and kept its inflation and economic growth outlook roughly unchanged from its previous meeting for this year. The BOK noted recent strength in the won due to optimism linked to U.S.-China trade relations and early signs of a recovery in the semiconductor industry. Moreover, trade tensions between Korea and Japan have seemingly thawed in recent weeks. These developments bode well for the external sector.

Commenting on the BOK’s tone, analysts at Goldman Sachs noted:

“On the dovish side, the number of dissenting votes has increased, whereas on the slightly hawkish side, the governor and MPC statement noted early signs of recovery in macro indicators vs. rises in household debt and housing prices […] from the overall balanced tone from the governor’s press conference that the BOK will likely stay on hold for some time before the next policy rate change. We keep our view of another rate cut, most likely in July”.

The next monetary policy meeting is set for 27 February.

Free sample report

Access essential information in the shortest time possible. FocusEconomics provide hundreds of consensus forecast reports from the most reputable economic research authorities in the world.
Close Left Media Arrows Left Media Circles Right Media Arrows Right Media Circles Arrow Quote Wave Address Email Telephone Man in front of screen with line chart Document with bar chart and magnifying glass Application window with bar chart Target with arrow Line Chart Stopwatch Globe with arrows Document with bar chart in front of screen Bar chart with magnifying glass and dollar sign Lightbulb Document with bookmark Laptop with download icon Calendar Icon Nav Menu Arrow Arrow Right Long Icon Arrow Right Icon Chevron Right Icon Chevron Left Icon Briefcase Icon Linkedin In Icon Full Linkedin Icon Filter Facebook Linkedin Twitter Pinterest