International Reserves (USD)

International Reserves (USD)

International reserves (or reserve assets in the balance of payments) are those external assets that are readily available to and controlled by a country’s monetary authorities. According to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), international reserves comprise foreign currencies, other assets denominated in foreign currencies, gold reserves, special drawing rights (SDRs) and IMF reserve positions. These reserves may be used for direct financing of international payments imbalances, or for indirect regulation of the magnitude of such imbalances via intervention in foreign exchange markets in order to affect the exchange rate of the country’s currency. A narrower definition for international reserves only includes foreign currency deposits and bonds. These assets held by the country’s monetary authorities are usually denominated in different reserve currencies, mostly the U.S. dollar (USD), the Euro (EUR), the Japanese yen (JPY) and the British pound (GBP).

The table below shows the amount of international reserves in U.S. dollars (USD) by country for the last six years.

Looking for forecasts? FocusEconomics Consensus Forecasts cover approx. 30 macro-economic indicators per country for a 5-year forecast period and quarterly forecasts for the most important economic variables. Get Details.

International Reserves Data

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Albania0.70.10.20.4-0.1
Algeria14511497.680.2-  
Angola23.823.717.515.416.3
Argentina25.639.355.165.844.8
Armenia1.82.22.32.32.8
Azerbaijan7.97.16.76.77.0
Bahrain3.12.22.31.93.4
Bangladesh27.532.133.232.032.7
Belarus4.24.97.37.29.4
Belize0.40.40.30.30.3
Bolivia11.68.58.57.24.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina4.44.95.45.96.4
Botswana7.57.27.56.76.2
Brazil356365374375357
Brunei3.23.33.33.2-  
Bulgaria22.025.228.428.727.9
Cambodia6.98.411.313.417.0
Chile38.640.539.039.940.7
China3,4063,0983,2363,1683,223
Colombia46.746.747.648.453.2
Costa Rica7.87.67.17.58.9
Croatia15.014.218.820.020.8
Czech Republic64.585.7148143150
DR Congo-  -  -  -  -  
Dominican Republic5.36.06.87.68.8
Ecuador2.54.32.52.73.4
Egypt20.117.631.344.344.5
El Salvador2.72.93.33.43.9
Ethiopia3.83.03.04.0-  
Finland10.010.510.510.311.4
Georgia2.52.83.03.33.5
Ghana5.65.86.96.27.4
Guatemala7.89.211.812.814.8
Haiti1.92.12.42.4-  
Honduras3.83.84.74.85.7
Hong Kong359386431425441
Hungary33.125.828.031.431.8
India356373421414476
Indonesia106116130121129
Iran116104106108105
Iraq50.942.045.660.8-  
Israel90.698.4113115126
Jamaica2.93.33.83.53.6
Jordan15.214.013.512.713.3
Kazakhstan27.929.731.030.929.0
Kenya7.57.67.38.29.1
Korea368371389404409
Kosovo0.80.60.80.91.0
Kuwait28.431.133.737.139.9
Kyrgyzstan1.82.02.22.22.4
Laos1.10.91.10.91.1
Latvia3.43.54.64.44.5
Lebanon38.843.343.540.638.2
Lithuania1.62.53.75.04.5
Malaysia95.394.5102101104
Mexico177177173175181
Moldova1.72.22.83.03.1
Mongolia1.31.33.03.54.3
Morocco22.725.026.124.426.5
Mozambique2.62.13.43.13.9
Myanmar4.44.64.95.35.5
Nicaragua2.52.42.82.32.4
Nigeria29.125.838.843.138.6
North Macedonia2.22.52.53.03.3
Oman17.520.216.117.416.6
Pakistan16.020.918.712.410.2
Panama3.43.82.72.13.4
Paraguay6.27.18.18.08.0
Peru61.561.763.760.368.4
Philippines80.780.781.679.287.8
Poland94.9114113117128
Qatar36.530.813.829.137.7
Romania38.540.044.642.142.0
Russia368378433468554
Saudi Arabia616536496496499
Serbia11.310.812.012.915.0
Singapore248247280288279
South Africa41.842.745.346.448.9
Sri Lanka7.36.08.06.97.6
Taiwan426434452462478
Tajikistan0.10.10.60.40.5
Tanzania4.14.35.95.05.6
Thailand157172203206224
Trinidad and Tobago10.09.58.58.17.0
Tunisia7.46.05.75.27.4
Turkey92.992.184.272.978.6
Uganda2.83.03.73.23.2
Ukraine13.315.518.820.825.3
United Arab Emirates93.985.495.499.5108
United Kingdom138124138160158
Uruguay15.613.416.015.614.5
Uzbekistan-  -  -  -  -  
Venezuela16.411.09.78.87.5
Vietnam28.336.549.155.578.3
Yemen2.01.0-  -  -  
Zambia3.02.42.11.61.4

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