External Debt in Brazil

Brazil External Debt | Economic News & Forecasts

Brazil - External Debt

Current account deficit narrows in December

Brazil’s current account posted a USD 5.7 billion deficit in December, narrowing from the USD 6.1 billion shortfall registered in December 2018 but significantly wider than the USD 2.2 billion deficit in November.

The result was largely due to a smaller primary income deficit as well as a narrower merchandise trade surplus (December: USD 5.6 bn; December 2018: USD 6.4 bn). Exports posted a sizable contraction in December amid subdued demand from key trading partners, particularly Argentina, although imports also fell but at a softer pace. Conversely, foreign direct investment jumped at the end of the year, totaling USD 9.4 billion (December 2018: USD 8.3 bn). The shortfall in the services account widened in December compared to the same month last year.

Accordingly, the full-year current account deficit rose to USD 50.8 billion in 2019 from USD 41.5 billion deficit recorded in 2018, which was equivalent to approximately 2.8% of GDP.

The latest LatinFocus Consensus Forecast projects a current account deficit of 2.8% of GDP in 2020. For 2021, panelists foresee a current account deficit of 2.9% of GDP.

Brazil - External Debt Data

2014   2015   2016   2017   2018  
External Debt (% of GDP)14.4  18.6  18.1  15.5  17.2  

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Brazil External Debt Chart


Brazil External Debt
Note: External debt as % of GDP.
Source: Central Bank of Brazil and FocusEconomics calculations.

Brazil Facts

Value Change Date
Bond Yield6.79-0.82 %Dec 31
Exchange Rate4.02-0.13 %Jan 01

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