Argentina Economic Forecast

Argentina Economic Outlook

July 12, 2016

The transition from a highly-regulated economy to a market-oriented economy is proving difficult for Argentina. Recent GDP data released by the statistical office show that the economy entered recession after recording the third consecutive quarter-on-quarter contraction in the first quarter of this year. GDP expanded a weak 0.5% on an annual basis as a deterioration in private consumption due to high inflation and the removal of utility subsidies took a toll on growth. Moreover, government spending decelerated notably and fixed investment swung to a contraction. Meanwhile, President Mauricio Macri’s push for reforms continues. In a bid to stimulate domestic demand and halt growing opposition to his austerity reforms, Macri has recently announced limits on utility price increases and an increase in pension benefits. Moreover, despite his party’s minority, last month both chambers of Parliament approved a tax amnesty that aims at repatriating capital stashed abroad in order to increase government revenues.

Argentina Economy Data

20112012201320142015
Population (million)40.641.041.542.042.4
GDP per capita (USD)13,76814,80115,03912,90010,301
GDP (USD bn)559607624541437
Economic Growth (GDP, annual variation in %)8.40.82.90.52.1
Domestic Demand (annual variation in %)11.80.54.2-1.0-  
Consumption (annual variation in %)10.24.34.4-0.5-  
Investment (annual variation in %)19.4-7.03.1-5.5-  
Industrial Production (annual variation in %)6.5-7.80.0-1.8-  
Retail Sales (annual variation in %)27.726.326.737.327.6
Unemployment Rate7.27.27.17.3-  
Fiscal Balance (% of GDP)-1.2-1.8-1.7-2.5-4.0
Public Debt (% of GDP)32.032.532.541.050.9
Money (annual variation in %)29.838.425.728.928.2
Inflation Rate (CPI, annual variation in %, eop)9.510.826.638.026.9
Inflation Rate (CPI, annual variation in %)9.810.018.438.026.7
Inflation (PPI, annual variation in %)12.713.114.828.3-  
Benchmark Interest Rate (%)13.3212.4217.7519.6127.56
Stock Market (annual variation in %)-30.115.988.959.136.1
Exchange Rate (vs USD)4.304.926.528.4612.94
Exchange Rate (vs USD, aop)4.134.555.488.129.27
Current Account (% of GDP)-0.8-0.2-1.9-1.5-3.6
Current Account Balance (USD bn)-4.5-1.4-12.1-8.1-15.9
Trade Balance (USD billion)9.012.01.53.1-3.0
Exports (USD billion)83.080.076.068.356.8
Imports (USD billion)74.068.074.465.259.8
Exports (annual variation in %)21.7-3.6-5.0-10.0-17.0
Imports (annual variation in %)30.2-8.19.5-12.4-8.3
International Reserves (USD)46.443.330.631.425.6
External Debt (% of GDP)25.523.622.626.5-  

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Argentina Facts

ValueChangeDate
Bond Yield6.690.15 %Dec 17
Exchange Rate14.95-0.02 %Jul 26
Stock Market15,7580.29 %Jul 26

Argentina Economic Growth

July 12, 2016

Low commodity prices, the prolonged recession in Brazil and a slow adjustment to the new government’s policies are factors clouding this year’s growth outlook. However, following renewed access to international capital markets, the economy is expected to largely benefit from fresh capital inflows. Analysts project Argentina’s GDP to contract 1.0% in 2016, which is unchanged from last month’s Consensus. For 2017, analysts project the economy to rebound and expand 2.9%.

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