Belgium city from above

Belgium Current Account Balance (EUR bn)

Quarter-on-quarter economic growth eased to 0.1% in Q4 from 0.2% in Q3 due to falling exports and a deeper contraction in fixed investment. That said, growth in both private and government consumption accelerated. Turning to Q1 2023, sequential growth is likely accelerating due to seemingly higher private spending: Inflation receded in both January and February, while wage indexation took full effect at the end of January. Accordingly, average consumer sentiment improved in January–March compared to Q4. Business sentiment also strengthened slightly in Q1 from its Q4 trough, likely supporting investment. That said, in January the industrial sector contracted at the quickest rate since November 2021, likely due to lower foreign demand. Meanwhile, the IMF concluded an Article IV visit in February, pointing to the country’s elevated fiscal deficit and declining competitiveness as concerns.

Belgium Current Account Balance (EUR bn) Data

2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Current Account Balance (EUR bn) 3 -4 0 5 2

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