Germany Economic Forecast

Germany Economic Outlook

August 27, 2019

A flash estimate revealed that the economy contracted in the second quarter of the year. Although a breakdown by components is not yet available, the external sector seems to have been the culprit for the weak showing: Exports shrank in Q2 as sustained trade tensions and lingering Brexit-related uncertainty curbed external demand. Domestically, however, the picture appears to have been somewhat brighter in the quarter. Household consumption rose on a still-tight labor market, while fixed investment seemingly continued to grow despite falling investment in the construction sector. Turning to Q3, manufacturing and services PMI data in July–August points to weakening domestic activity, while available survey-based indicators show that sentiment among businesses and consumers continued sliding. Against this backdrop, pressures have been mounting for the government to relax its fiscal rules, with a fiscal stimulus package reportedly already in the works in the event of a recession.

Germany Economic Growth

Growth is set to slump this year on softening domestic demand and a flagging external sector. That said, a tight labor market and higher public spending should buttress consumption and, in turn, the overall economy. Risks are tilted to the downside due to ongoing global trade tensions, slowing Chinese growth and Brexit uncertainty. FocusEconomics Consensus Forecast panelists expect the economy to expand 0.7% in 2019, which is unchanged from last month’s forecast, and 1.1% in 2020.

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Germany Facts

Bond Yield-0.680.41 %Sep 04
Exchange Rate1.100.65 %Sep 04
Stock Market12,025-0.41 %Sep 04

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