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USA - Investment

2nd GDP release confirms stable growth in Q4 2019

Economic growth was stable in the fourth quarter from the third, with GDP growth again clocking in at 2.1% in seasonally-adjusted annualized terms (SAAR), according to a second GDP estimate released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. In annual terms, GDP grew 2.3% in Q4, down from Q3’s 2.1% expansion.

Delving into the details, the composition of growth was largely unchanged in the second estimate. Private consumption slowed more than initially reported (Q4: +1.7% SAAR; previously reported: +1.8% SAAR; Q3: +3.2% SAAR). Government outlays, however, remained healthy in Q4 even though the expansion was revised down slightly to 2.6% (previously reported: +2.7% SAAR) on downward revisions to state and local government spending. Meanwhile, the decline in non-residential business investment was worse than initially expected and was on par with Q3’s contraction (Q4: -2.3% SAAR; previously reported: -1.5% SAAR).

The GDP data revision demonstrated the external sector did better than initially projected, as growth in exports of goods and services was revised up to 2.0% SAAR for Q4 (previously reported: +1.4% SAAR). Meanwhile, the plunge in imports of goods and services remained the sharpest since Q2 2009, although was a notch softer than reported in the advance release. As a result, the external sector added 1.5 percentage points to headline growth (Q3: -0.1 percentage points), marking the largest contribution to growth in over a decade.

The Federal Reserve projects economic growth of 2.0% in 2020 and 1.9% in 2021. FocusEconomics Consensus Forecast panelists, meanwhile, see GDP expanding 1.8% in 2020, which is unchanged from last month’s estimate, and 1.8% again in 2021.

United States - Investment Data

2014   2015   2016   2017   2018  
Investment (annual variation in %)6.3  3.4  1.9  4.2  4.6  

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United States Facts

Value Change Date
Bond Yield1.92-0.43 %Dec 31
Exchange Rate1.120.65 %Dec 31

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