Trade Balance in Thailand

Thailand Trade Balance | Economic News & Forecasts

Thailand - Trade Balance

Export growth jumps at the start of the year

Thailand recorded a USD 120 million deficit in January, swinging from the USD 830 million surplus registered in the same month of last year but notably above the USD 280 million deficit clocked in December 2017. Only two months have seen trade deficits since July 2017: December and January. The 12-month sum of the trade balance moderated in January from December’s USD 13.9 billion surplus to a USD 13.0 billion surplus.

Export growth in January more than doubled December’s pace of expansion: Exports expanded 17.5% in January on an annual basis compared to an 8.6% increase in December. January’s result was the quickest pace of expansion since November 2012. The result, which was notably above more modest market expectations, was chiefly driven by greater exports of cars, computers and rubber products. Strong export demand buttressed growth last year and the robust momentum seemingly carried over into the new year. However, import growth outpaced exports in January and the external sector’s net contribution was therefore negative.

The strength of the Thai currency, which traded at 31.39 per USD on 20 February, remains a topic of concern among exporters but has seemingly not yet affect foreign demand. Demand from key markets remained resilient despite the strong baht, according to officials at the commerce ministry.

Thailand Export Forecast

FocusEconomics Consensus Forecast panelists expect exports to increase 5.8% in 2018 and see the trade surplus reaching USD 26.2 billion. For 2019, panelists forecast exports to expand 5.5% and the trade surplus to reach USD 26.3 billion.

Thailand - Trade Balance Data

2012  2013  2014  2015  2016  
Trade Balance (USD billion)0.1  0.2  17.2  26.8  36.6  

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Thailand Trade Balance Chart

Thailand Trade
Note: Trade balance in (USD bn).
Source: Bank of Thailand and FocusEconomics calculations.

Thailand Facts

Bond Yield2.440.0 %Feb 22
Exchange Rate31.560.17 %Feb 22
Stock Market1,789-1.41 %Feb 22

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