The skyline in Panama City, Panama

Panama External Debt (USD bn)

Annual economic growth likely halved in Q4 from Q3, mainly due to a dwindling post-Covid-19 base effect. Year-on-year growth in tourist arrivals eased to 74.0% in Q4 from 108% in Q3. In addition, Panama Canal activity was dampened by ebbing global trade—the volume of cargo contracted year-on-year in October for the first time since April—as well as the rerouting of U.S. LNG to Europe instead of Asia. More positively, growth in total fuel consumption, a proxy for economic activity, accelerated to 9.3% year on year in October, while softer inflation in the quarter likely supported private consumption. Meanwhile, longstanding concession negotiations regarding the Cobre copper mine came to an end on 8 March. The government will receive a minimum of USD 375 million annually for the next 20 years—a tenfold increase from the previous agreement.

Panama External Debt (USD bn) Data

2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
External Debt (USD bn) 93 99 104 113 120

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