Exchange Rate in India
India - Exchange Rate
The rupee crashes to record low due to large economic imbalances and suppressed investor appetite for emerging-market assets
The rupee weakened to a historic high against the USD in September, compounding the poor performance of recent months. This was largely due to India’s economic imbalances, as demonstrated by the merchandise trade deficit which has reached multi-year highs in recent months, and falling investor confidence in developing economies. On 11 September, the rupee traded at 72.6 per U.S. dollar, worsening 5.4% from the same day a month earlier and the weakest it has been against the USD in history. So far this calendar year, the rupee has shed 13.6% of its value against the dollar.
The rupee’s recent woes have come amid resurging oil prices—as of 11 September, Brent crude oil prices rose more than 40% compared to the same day a year earlier. This has put enormous pressure on India’s merchandise trade balance given that India imports most of its oil and has underpinned inflationary pressures. Moreover, FocusEconomics Consensus Forecast panelists expect the current account deficit to deteriorate this year. In addition to higher oil prices, investors have been fleeing emerging-market assets in recent months, most evidently in Turkey and Argentina. This follows the tightening of monetary policy in major developed economies and the erection of trade barriers around the world, dampening global growth potential. With a similar scenario affecting capital markets in India, this has resulted in outflows from the stock and bond markets, worsening the current account deficit.
Looking ahead, FocusEconomics panelists see the rupee strengthening from recent lows, ending FY2018 (which ends in March 2019) at 68.2 INR per USD and ending FY 2019 at INR 67.9 per USD.
India - Exchange Rate Data
|Exchange Rate (vs USD)||66.25||64.86||65.11||69.19||75.34|
5 years of economic forecasts for more than 30 economic indicators.
India Exchange Rate Chart
Source: Thomson Reuters.
|Bond Yield||6.50||-0.04 %||Jan 01|
|Exchange Rate||71.23||-0.09 %||Jan 01|
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September 14, 2021
Merchandise export growth eased to 45.8% on an annual basis in August (July: +49.9% year-on-year).
September 13, 2021
Consumer prices increased 0.25% from the previous month in August, easing from July's 0.74% increase.
September 10, 2021
Industrial output increased 11.45% compared to the same month of the previous year in July, which was softer than June's 13.6% increase.
September 3, 2021
The composite Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) produced by IHS Markit increased to 55.4 in August from 49.2 in July.
August 31, 2021
Economic growth surged in the second quarter of the calendar year 2021 (Q1 FY 2021), with GDP expanding 20.1% on an annual basis (Q1 CY 2021: +1.6% year-on-year).