International Reserves in Brazil

Brazil International Reserves | Economic News & Forecasts

Brazil - International Reserves

Current account registers another surplus in May

Brazil’s current account balance registered a surplus for the third consecutive month in May, swinging to a USD 1.3 billion surplus from a USD 1.4 billion deficit in the same month a year earlier. However, May’s result was down from April’s surplus of USD 3.3 billion (previously reported: USD 3.8 billion).

This month’s print was largely due to a smaller primary income deficit as well as a narrower deficit in the services account. Meanwhile, the trade surplus narrowed in May. The merchandise trade surplus fell to USD 4.2 billion from USD 5.0 billion in May 2019 on a sharper contraction in exports than of imports. Moreover, net foreign direct investment weakened markedly in May, totaling USD 2.6 billion (May 2019: USD 8.3 billion).

Accordingly, the 12-month sum of the current account balance narrowed to a USD 42.4 billion deficit, which equates to approximately 2.5% of GDP, down from the USD 45.2 billion shortfall registered in the 12 months ending in April (2.6% of GDP).

The LatinFocus Consensus Forecast projects a current account deficit of 1.7% of GDP in 2020. For 2021, panelists foresee the current account deficit at 2.1% of GDP.

Brazil - International Reserves Data

2015   2016   2017   2018   2019  
International Reserves (USD)356  365  374  375  357  

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Brazil International Reserves Chart

Brazil International Reserves
Note: International reserves in months of imports.
Source: Central Bank of Brazil and FocusEconomics calculations.

Brazil Facts

Value Change Date
Bond Yield6.79-0.82 %Dec 31
Exchange Rate4.02-0.13 %Jan 01

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