Industry in Germany

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Germany - Industry

German industrial output contracts again in July

Industrial production fell 0.6% in month-on-month seasonally- and calendar-adjusted terms in July, compared to a 1.1% contraction in June. Despite a slight improvement from the previous month, the second consecutive contraction in the all-important industrial sector fueled recession fears in the Eurozone’s largest economy.

July’s result chiefly reflected slumping production of intermediate and capital goods which more than offset an uptick in the production of consumer goods. Notably, the energy sector posted another strong fall in July, only partly offset by an uptick in construction activity.

On an annual basis, industrial output dropped 4.2% in July, only mildly above the revised 4.7% (previously reported: -5.2% year-on-year) contraction logged in the previous month. July marked the ninth consecutive month of falling annual output. Annual average industrial output, meanwhile, fell 2.3% in July, from 1.9% in June.

Commenting on the release, Carsten Brzeski, Chief Economist ING Germany, highlighted pessimism over the short-term outlook:

“German industry continues to suffer from structural changes and the ongoing trade conflict. […] At least in the short run, the prospects for German industry remain bleak. Even with a magnifying glass, it is impossible to find signals of an imminent rebound. Shrinking order books, high inventories and continuing external uncertainty do not bode well for the coming months.”

Panelists polled by FocusEconomics expect industrial production to drop 2.1% in 2019, which is down 1.8 percentage points from last month’s forecast. For 2020, the panel sees industrial production increasing 1.0%.

Germany - Industry Data

2013  2014  2015  2016  2017  
Industrial Production (annual variation in %)0.1  1.5  0.9  1.8  3.3  

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Germany Industry Chart

Germany Industry
Note: Annual variation of industrial output in %.
Source: Federal Statistics Office and FocusEconomics calculations

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