GDP in Costa Rica

Costa Rica GDP | Economic News & Forecasts

Costa Rica - GDP

GDP growth slows on weak consumer spending in Q1

The economy appears to have lost steam in Q1, seemingly slowed down by a sharp deceleration in the pace of consumer spending. According to data released by the Central Bank on 30 June, GDP growth slowed to 3.0% in Q1 and came up very short of the 4.3% growth recorded in Q4 2016. Notwithstanding the recovery in fixed investment in the quarter, the report disappointed, falling well below the 4.3% expansion expected by our FocusEconomics Consensus Forecast panelists.

Consumption dynamics in the quarter were particularly weak, with growth in total consumption almost halved on the back of a notable slump in private consumption (Q1: +1.7% yoy; Q4: +3.8% year-on-year). For its part, growth in government consumption remained broadly stable at 5.6% (Q4: +5.7% yoy). In the report’s single bright spot, fixed investment rebounded to 5.2% growth in the quarter following nearly a year of contraction (Q4: -0.4% yoy).

A sharp deceleration in the growth of exports knocked the external sector off-course following a year of strong growth. Exports grew at a meagre 2.7% in Q1 (Q4: +7.1% yoy), a six-quarter low. Imports, on the other hand, expanded at a faster clip in Q1, coming in at 4.0% (Q4: +3.4% yoy)—likely the result of higher imported fuel costs at the outset of the year. Consequently, the external sector’s contribution to growth was minus 0.1 percentage points (Q4: plus 0.1 percentage points), marking the sector’s first drag on headline growth in more than a year.

Growth is expected to pick up in the coming quarters. In particular, the Central Bank expects the economy to shake off a weak Q1 and record full-year GDP growth of 4.1% both this year and next. Striking a similar tone, FocusEconomics Consensus Forecast panelists expect GDP growth of 4.0% in 2017, which is unchanged from last month’s projection. In 2018, our panelists see GDP growth edging down slightly to 3.9%.

Costa Rica - GDP Data

2012  2013  2014  2015  2016  
Economic Growth (GDP, annual variation in %)4.7  2.1  3.0  4.7  4.3  

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Costa Rica GDP Chart


Costa Rica GDP
Note: Annual variation of gross domestic product (GDP) in %.
Source: Costa Rica Central Bank and FocusEconomics calculations.

Costa Rica Facts

ValueChangeDate
Exchange Rate577.9-0.09 %Sep 21

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