Current Account in Brazil

Brazil Current Account (USD bn) | Economic News & Forecasts

Brazil - Current Account (billions of U.S. Dollars)

Current account deficit widens in October

Brazil’s current account recorded a deficit of USD 4.5 billion in October, deteriorating from the USD 1.2 billion shortfall recorded in October 2020 and the USD 1.7 billion deficit clocked in September of this year.

October’s result largely reflected a smaller goods surplus and a reduction in the services account deficit. Contrastingly, the primary income account deficit increased compared to a year ago. Meanwhile, net foreign investment moderated in the month, totaling USD 2.5 billion (October 2020: USD 3.1 billion).

Accordingly, the 12-month sum of the current balance widened slightly to a USD 26.5 billion deficit from the USD 23.2 billion shortfall recorded in September, which was equivalent to approximately 1.7% of GDP (September: Approximately 1.5% of GDP).

Commenting on the outlook for Brazil’s current account, Alberto Ramos, economist at Goldman Sachs, noted:

“Overall, the short-term current account dynamics remain benign given still solid export demand and terms of trade compounded by a weak/competitive real effective exchange rate. However, beyond favorable cyclical dynamics, a deep fiscal adjustment to reduce the highly negative public sector savings remains key to enable a permanent structural current account adjustment (rather than just a cyclical adjustment driven by the weak below-potential domestic demand).”

The LatinFocus Consensus Forecast projects a current account deficit of 1.5% of GDP in 2022. For 2023, panelists foresee the current account deficit at 1.8% of GDP.

Brazil - Current Account (USD bn) Data

2015   2016   2017   2018   2019  
Current Account Balance (USD bn)-54.5  -24.2  -15.0  -41.5  -49.5  

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Brazil Current Account (USD bn) Chart


Brazil Current Account
Note: Current account balance as % of GDP.
Source: Central Bank of Brazil and FocusEconomics calculations.

Brazil Facts

Value Change Date
Bond Yield6.79-0.82 %Dec 31
Exchange Rate4.02-0.13 %Jan 01

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