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Australia - Money

RBA stands pat in December meeting

At its monetary policy meeting on 1 December, the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) decided to keep the cash rate unchanged at the all-time low of 0.10%. It also left the target for three-year government bond yields at around 0.10%, and reaffirmed the size and extension of its bond-buying plans.

Recent data suggests that the recovery is ongoing following Q2’s crash, and recently announced vaccines could support the recovery ahead, although possible further outbreaks of the virus continue to pose downside risks. All said, the Bank still expects the recovery to be bumpy, which led it to maintain its extremely loose monetary policy stance to help the economy. This includes the purchase of government bonds in the secondary market, in order to lower financing costs and support credit supply.

The Bank maintained a dovish tone in its communiqué, stating that it expects to maintain the cash rate at its current all-time low for at least three years, until the labor market returns to full employment and inflation rises sustainably within the 2.0%–3.0% target range. Moreover, it added that the Board could further ramp up the bond purchase program or take additional action if necessary, to ensure the 0.10% target rate for three-year government bonds is achieved.

The next monetary policy meeting is scheduled for 2 February 2021.

FocusEconomics panelists forecast the cash rate to end 2021 at 0.10% and 2022 at 0.12%.

Australia - Money Data

2015   2016   2017   2018   2019  
Money (annual variation in %)13.7  8.2  8.9  2.3  22.1  

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Australia Money Chart

Australia Money
Note: Annual variation of M1 in %.
Source: Reserve Bank of Australia and FocusEconomics calculations.

Australia Facts

Value Change Date
Bond Yield1.371.47 %Dec 31
Exchange Rate0.700.05 %Dec 31

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