Spain GDP Q1 2020


Spain: Second estimate confirms economy contracted at historic pace in Q1

June 30, 2020

A second GDP estimate released by the National Statistics Institute (INE) on 30 June confirmed that the economy suffered its worst downturn on record in the first quarter, battered by the initial effects of the Covid-19 outbreak and associated containment measures. Economic activity plummeted a seasonally-adjusted 5.2% from the previous quarter in Q1, matching the preliminary estimate and contrasting the 0.4% expansion recorded in Q4 2019. In annual terms, the economy shrank 4.1% in Q1 (Q4 2019: +1.8% yoy), the most since the 2009 global financial crisis.

Consumer spending tanked 6.6% quarter-on-quarter (previously reported: -7.5% qoq; Q4 2019: +0.1% qoq) as lockdown measures that began in mid-March closed non-essential businesses and extinguished consumption, while fixed investment collapsed 5.7% (previously reported: -5.8% qoq; Q4 2019: -1.2% qoq). In contrast, public spending rose a strong 1.8% on the government’s response to tackle the health crisis (Q4 2019: +0.7% qoq).

On the external front, exports of goods and services dove 8.2% (previously reported: -8.4% qoq; Q4 2019: +0.6% qoq) as the pandemic shut down foreign demand, while imports plunged 6.6% on depressed domestic demand (previously reported: -8.4% qoq; Q4 2019: -0.8% qoq). Taken together, net trade subtracted from the headline reading, after making a sizeable contribution to growth in Q4 2019.

The Central Bank expects the economy will contract 9.0%–11.6% this year and grow 7.7%–9.1% in 2021. FocusEconomics Consensus Forecast panelists, meanwhile, project that GDP will contract 10.0% this year, which is down 0.3 percentage points from last month’s forecast. In 2021, panelists see the economy growing 6.6%.

Author:, Economist

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Spain GDP Chart

Spain GDP Q1  20 20 0

Note: Quarter-on-quarter changes of seasonally-adjusted GDP and year-on-year variation in %.
Source: National Statistics Institute (INE) and FocusEconomics calculations.

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