Korea Trade December 2018


Korea: Exports fall in December

January 2, 2019

Merchandise exports fell 1.2% year-on-year in December—contrasting November’s revised 4.1% increase (previously reported: +4.5% year-on-year)—to total USD 48.5 billion. The decrease in December was partly due to sluggish global trade growth and lower oil prices. Merchandise imports increased 0.9% in December—down from November’s revised 11.5% (previously reported: +11.4% year-on-year)—and totaled USD 43.9 billion.

The merchandise trade surplus narrowed to USD 4.6 billion in December from USD 5.5 billion in the same month a year earlier (November: USD 4.9 billion surplus). The 12-month moving sum of the trade balance narrowed to a USD 70.5 billion surplus in December from a USD 71.4 billion surplus in November.

Moderating global economic momentum should limit the external sector’s performance this year, while further escalations between the United States and China also pose a risk to Korea’s exports due its location in the supply chain. On the other hand, Korea’s revised trade deal with the U.S. came into force on 1 January, which should support a vital bilateral trade channel.

In 2019, FocusEconomics panelists expect merchandise exports and imports to expand 3.7% and 4.1% respectively, bringing the trade surplus to USD 106.3 billion. In 2020, exports and imports are expected to increase 3.0% and 2.9% respectively, resulting in a trade surplus of USD 109.6 billion.

Author:, Economist

Sample Report

Looking for forecasts related to Trade in Korea? Download a sample report now.


Korea Trade Chart

Korea Trade12m December 2018

Note: 12-month sum of trade balance in USD billion and annual average variation of the 12-month sum of exports and imports.
Source: Korean Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy (MOTIE) and FocusEconomics calculations.

Korea Economic News

More news

Search form