Indonesia Trade Balance January 2018


Indonesia: Trade balance turns to deficit in January

February 15, 2018

According to Statistics Indonesia (BPS), the country recorded a trade deficit of USD 676 million in January, its third deficit in the past two years. The country almost always records trade surpluses and the result contrasted market expectations of a USD 190 million surplus. In addition, the reading was notably below January 2017’s USD 1.4 billion surplus.

The deficit was largely due to a surge in imports combined with lackluster export growth. Imports soared, growing 26.4% annually in January, above December’s 18.2% expansion. The result was due partly to rising imports of machinery. Export growth, however, slowed and came in at 7.9% over the same month last year (December: +10.8% year-on-year). Breaking down the reading, the slump in export growth was due to a slowdown in oil and gas sales, which rose a modest 1.1% in January (December: +20.8% yoy). On the other hand, non-oil and gas shipments gained steam in January, growing 8.6%, above December’s 6.2%.

The 12-month moving sum of the trade balance fell from December’s USD 12.3 billion surplus to a USD 10.2 billion surplus in January, the lowest reading since December 2016.

Indonesia Trade Balance Forecast

FocusEconomics Consensus Forecast panelists expect exports to increase 5.1% and see the trade balance recording a surplus of USD 15.9 billion in 2018. For 2019, the panel expects exports to grow 6.0% and expects the trade surplus to drop to USD 15.0 billion.

Author: Angela Bouzanis, Senior Economist

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Indonesia Trade Balance Chart

Indonesia Trade12m January 2018

Note: 12-month sum of trade balance in USD billion and annual variation of the 12-month sum of exports and imports in %.
Source: Statistics Indonesia (BPS) and FocusEconomics calculations.

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