China Money May 2021


China: Credit conditions tighten further in May

June 11, 2021

In May, Chinese banks distributed CNY 1.5 trillion (roughly USD 230 billion) in new yuan loans, below market expectations and similar to April’s figure.

Annual growth in M2 money supply ticked up from 8.1% in April to 8.3% in May. However, annual growth in the stock of total social financing (TSF)—a broader measure of credit and liquidity in the economy that includes loans, bonds and other non-traditional instruments—fell from 11.7% in April to 11.0% in May. All in all, May’s figures reflect the government’s cautious monetary stance and efforts to guarantee financial stability.

Over 2021 as a whole, credit growth is likely to be notably slower than in 2020 as the PBOC unwinds Covid-19 relief measures and seeks to limit financial risks—particularly in the property sector. However, most panelists see key interest rates staying unchanged this year.

On May’s reading and the outlook, David Wang, head of China Economics at Credit Suisse, stated:

“PBoC Governor Yi Gang reaffirmed that China should maintain a stable monetary policy stance. The credit and money supply data of May were consistent with his words. Our interpretation of 'stable' is that China’s monetary policy this year will be modestly tighter than that of last year but still more accommodative than that of 2019. We do not expect the 10-year government bond yield to increase meaningfully from current levels.”

FocusEconomics Consensus Forecast participants expect M2 to expand 9.1% in 2021, which is unchanged from last month’s forecast. In 2022, the panel sees M2 growth of 8.7%.

Author:, Economist

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China Money Chart

China Money May 2021

Note: New yuan loans in CNY billion and year-on-year variation of M2.
Source: People’s Bank of China (PBOC) and FocusEconomics calculations.

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