Eurozone Slowdown Highly Likely in the Wake of Brexit
It’s been a little over a month since the UK voted to leave the European Union in one of the biggest and most unexpected political events to happen since the turn of the century and arguably going back even farther than that. Apart from the political shakeup this has caused, the impact of the Brexit has far reaching economic consequences as well. We here at FocusEconomics, needless to say, have been working tirelessly to bring you forecasts and analysis for the UK economy and the rest of the world since the unprecedented Brexit vote.
In the immediate aftermath of the vote we came out with new post-Brexit forecasts and analysis for the UK economy and a few weeks later we had a revised set of forecasts for the UK. Subsequently, we updated or forecasts and analysis with Brexit in mind for Latin America, the ASEAN region, East & South Asia, and Sub-Saharan Africa.
Finally, without further ado, we have the all-important post-Brexit forecasts and outlook for the Eurozone economy. In the following post we present you with our updated forecasts and analysis for the Eurozone along with comments and individual forecasts from the likes of Danske Bank and BNP Paribas. We also have additional analysis on the Euro Area and our Global Economic Outlook, in case you’re interested in further reading.
What are the experts saying?
According to FocusEconomics’ latest survey of 50 leading economic institutions, the long-term Eurozone growth outlook doesn't look great. The Eurozone economy is expected to slow down in 2017 as contagion from Brexit hits the region.
Due to a strong first quarter GDP reading and the long timeline for Brexit rollout, economists project 2016 GDP expanding 1.5%, which is unchanged from the pre-Brexit forecast. It seems that for the time being everyone can breathe a sigh of relief, however, the big news is that our latest FocusEconomics survey on the Eurozone economy forecasts 2017 growth at just 1.4%, which represents a cut of 0.1 percentage points from the pre-Brexit estimate last month.
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“Prior to the vote, economists had considered the region’s recovery to be firmly on track as steady domestic demand had fueled growth in the first quarter of the year and the bloc had showed resilience to external headwinds. In the aftermath of the decision, analysts have significantly altered their forecasts for the Eurozone economy and many of its constituent countries,” says Angela Bouzanis, Senior Economist at FocusEconomics.
These numbers may seem fairly optimistic to some, however, Danske Bank is much more pessimistic in its expectations for the Eurozone’s economic growth in 2016 and 2017, forecasting just 1.2% and 0.7% respectively.
According to Pernille Bomholdt Henneberg, Senior Analyst at Danske Bank, “We expect a very negative impact on overall sentiment and especially on business confidence, which is likely to result in lower investments. A long period of negotiations may drag out the uncertainty, but the biggest impact should be seen in a sharp deterioration in H2 16, where we expect the euro area to be in technical recession.”
BNP Paribas is also operating on the same wavelength as Danske Bank, albeit a bit more optimistic. They’ve substantially revised down their Eurozone forecasts and now project growth of 1.4% (down from 1.5% pre-Brexit) and 0.9% (down from 1.3%) in 2016 and 2017, respectively.
Group Chief Economist at BNP Paribas, William De Vijlder commented, “The negative effect of market uncertainty and the tightening of monetary conditions on GDP is harder to pinpoint, but based on past stress events, we would estimate it at about 0.4% over two years. Eurozone GDP is, therefore, likely to be 0.5% lower than we had envisaged in our central ‘pre-Brexit’ scenario for 2016-17, with the bulk of the hit likely to come in 2017.“
What will Brexit hit the hardest?
The most direct channel of economic pain will be felt across the Channel via trade linkages, since the UK is the Eurozone’s largest trading partner. Except for Ireland, the UK has a trade deficit with all major Eurozone economies and in the near term, we expect reduced demand from the UK amid a Brexit-fueled slowdown to hurt Euro area goods. The long-term outlook, however, will be contingent on what kind of trade model the UK and the EU agree on.
In terms of the specific Eurozone economies, we believe the extent of the economic impact will be divergent across countries with Belgium, Ireland and the Netherlands among the hardest hit.
With our latest round of Eurozone forecasts almost half of the economies in the Eurozone region were revised down. Our 2016 GDP projections for 8 of the 19 countries in the region were revised down, including big guns France and Italy. Meanwhile, forecasts were left unchanged for 8 countries including Spain and Germany. None were revised up.
Where do we all go from here?
It has to be said that it is still early days and at this stage it is difficult to fully assess the impact on the region. The outcome of negotiations between the UK and the EU will be critical, however, waves of contagion are expected to hit the region through trade, financial and investment channels in the medium term.
Henneberg of Danske Bank commented further, “The euro area Markit PMIs and German IFO expectations only fell modestly in July suggesting a more resilient economic sentiment in the Euro area than has been the case in the UK. However, German ZEW expectations have declined substantially post the UK’s EU referendum and we believe it is too early to conclude that the Euro area companies are immune to the financial uncertainty stemming from the vote.”
It remains to be seen just how much the Eurozone economy is affected by Brexit. At the moment it is a bit of waiting game, so we’ll just have to wait and see, but you can always count on FocusEconomics to have the latest news and forecasts.
Further Brexit reading:
Global (G7 countries) Economic Outlook
Euro Area Economic Outlook
ASEAN Economic Outlook
East and South Asia Economic Outlook
Sub-Saharan Africa Economic Outlook
[INFOGRAPHIC] How will UK Economy Fare After Brexit?
UK's Economic Outlook Slashed in Brexit Aftermath
UK Economic Outlook
Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the opinion of FocusEconomics S.L.U. Views, forecasts or estimates are as of the date of the publication and are subject to change without notice. This report may provide addresses of, or contain hyperlinks to, other internet websites. FocusEconomics S.L.U. takes no responsibility for the contents of third party internet websites.
Date: July 28, 2016
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