Exchange Rate in Nigeria
Nigeria - Exchange Rate (average of period)
Central Bank weakens currency again in July
The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) weakened the official exchange rate for the second time on 7 July amid pressure from international lenders and investors to unify its multiple exchange rates. The move came on the heels of a hefty 15% adjustment in March when the currency faced tremendous pressure from the collapse in global oil prices, with the CBN bringing the rate down to NGN 361 per USD. On 7 July, the official exchange rate was weakened by 5.3% to NGN 381 per USD; meanwhile, the NAFEX exchange rate—used by both investors and exporters and which acts as a spot-rate for the naira—traded at NGN 388 per USD that same day, where it has hovered for the past couple of months on the back of the oil price recovery.
The devaluation comes after Governor Godwin Emefiele’s remarks in June that the CBN was moving towards unifying the official rate closer to NAFEX in view of improving transparency of its FX-management regime. The decision also comes against the backdrop of President Muhammadu Buhari’s pledge of converging the rates in view of securing financing from multilateral lenders to cover the large balance of payment needs and budget shortfalls arising from the plunge in oil prices. The country already secured a USD 3.4 billion loan from the IMF in April and the latest adjustment by the CNB bodes well for unlocking additional financing from the World Bank, with whom authorities are currently in talks with.
All in all, the move is a positive step towards merging the country’s multiple exchange rates. Analysts have long maintained the view that this regime creates confusion and hinders investment. Nevertheless, the pace at which these changes have been made has been rather slow, signaling that the path for a single and flexible exchange rate remains long.
FocusEconomics panelists see the NAFEX rate ending 2020 at 403 per USD.
Nigeria - Exchange Rate (aop) Data
|Exchange Rate (vs USD, aop)||192.6||253.2||305.3||305.6||306.6|
5 years of economic forecasts for more than 30 economic indicators.
Nigeria Exchange Rate (aop) Chart
Source: Thomson Reuteurs
|Bond Yield||11.10||0.0 %||Dec 31|
|Exchange Rate||306.5||3.08 %||Jan 01|
|Stock Market||0.1||0.0 %||Jan 07|
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April 7, 2021
Operating conditions in Nigeria’s private sector economy improved for the ninth straight month in March and at a quicker pace than in the prior month, with the Stanbic IBTC Bank Nigeria Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) rising to 52.9 at the close of the first quarter from 52.0 in February.
March 19, 2021
Consumer prices rose 1.54% month-on-month in February, up from January’s 1.49% increase.
February 22, 2021
The economy returned to growth, albeit marginally, in the final quarter of last year, with GDP expanding 0.1% year-on-year.
February 16, 2021
Consumer prices rose 1.49% month-on-month in January, down from December’s 1.61% increase.
February 3, 2021
Operating conditions in Nigeria’s private sector economy continued to improve in January, albeit at a six-month soft pace as the Stanbic IBTC Bank Nigeria Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) dropped to 50.7 from 51.8 in December.