Argentina Economic Forecast

Argentina Economic Outlook

August 7, 2018

Recently released data shows that the financial storm that hit the country in the second quarter, coupled with a prolonged drought, took a heavy toll on the economy. Economic activity contracted sharply in May, after a small drop in April, dragged down by plunging agricultural output. This also affected the labor market, which saw the number of employees fall in April–May, and weighed heavily on consumer confidence in Q2. In an effort to reduce the fiscal deficit—one of the goals of the stand-by arrangement reached with the IMF in June—the government announced it will gradually raise public transport tariffs in the Buenos Aires metropolitan area. Moreover, the federal housing plan will be discontinued, and capital spending will be cut.

Argentina Economic Growth

Despite a healthy first quarter, the pace of growth is expected to slow sharply this year. The loss of agricultural output following the severe drought; extremely high interest rates and currency volatility, which will weigh on investment decisions; and consumer spending constrained by low confidence and rapid inflation are seen driving this deceleration. Panelists participating in the LatinFocus Consensus Forecast foresee the economy expanding 0.4% in 2018, down 0.5 percentage points from last month’s forecast. For 2019, growth is expected to reach 1.9%.

Argentina Economy Data

20132014201520162017
Population (million)42.242.743.143.644.1
GDP per capita (USD)14,54013,13315,11012,50714,609
GDP (USD bn)614560652554644
Economic Growth (GDP, annual variation in %)2.4-2.52.7-1.82.9
Domestic Demand (annual variation in %)4.0-3.94.2-1.36.3
Consumption (annual variation in %)3.6-4.43.7-1.03.6
Investment (annual variation in %)2.3-6.83.5-4.911.3
Industrial Production (annual variation in %)0.0-1.80.4-4.61.8
Retail Sales (annual variation in %)26.737.327.326.220.8
Unemployment Rate7.17.37.18.48.4
Fiscal Balance (% of GDP)-1.9-2.4-3.9-5.9-6.0
Public Debt (% of GDP)43.544.752.653.357.1
Money (annual variation in %)25.728.928.230.426.0
Inflation Rate (CPI, annual variation in %, eop)26.638.026.941.026.1
Inflation Rate (CPI, annual variation in %)18.438.026.741.227.7
Inflation (PPI, annual variation in %)14.828.3-  -  -  
Benchmark Interest Rate (%)21.6320.3827.2519.8823.25
Stock Market (annual variation in %)88.959.136.144.977.7
Exchange Rate (vs USD)6.528.4612.9415.8618.60
Exchange Rate (vs USD, aop)32.6329.8352.8522.6017.30
Current Account (% of GDP)-2.1-1.6-2.6-2.7-4.8
Current Account Balance (USD bn)-13.0-8.9-16.8-15.0-30.8
Trade Balance (USD billion)1.53.2-3.02.1-8.5
Exports (USD billion)76.068.456.857.758.4
Imports (USD billion)74.465.259.855.666.9
Exports (annual variation in %)-5.0-9.9-17.01.71.2
Imports (annual variation in %)9.5-12.4-8.4-6.920.3
International Reserves (USD)30.631.425.638.855.1
External Debt (% of GDP)25.929.026.134.736.2

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Argentina Facts

ValueChangeDate
Bond Yield6.690.15 %Dec 17
Exchange Rate29.750.45 %Aug 15
Stock Market27,0082.26 %Aug 15

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