Argentina Economic Forecast

Argentina Economic Outlook

June 14, 2022

The economy seemingly moved into a lower gear in Q1. Annual growth in economic activity slowed in the quarter. Moreover, consumer confidence dropped further, while inflation spiked. On top of this, the industrial sector expanded at a weaker pace than in Q4. Turning to Q2, a further deterioration in consumer confidence in April-May, coupled with rising inflation, bodes poorly for household spending and overall activity. Meanwhile, the country recently postponed payments on its over USD 2 billion debt to the Paris Club group until 2024 or until a new framework is agreed. Moreover, the government launched a tender to build a new gas pipeline from the Vaca Muerta shale formation, which could increase transport capacity by 25%, and is encouraging investment in the project. Finally, in order to reduce the fiscal deficit, an 'extraordinary income' tax was announced in June, which should mainly affect the grains industry.

Argentina Economic Growth

The pace of economic growth looks set to moderate this year due to a tougher base of comparison. Elevated inflation and frail macro fundamentals will restrain domestic demand, weighing on growth. Downbeat investor sentiment amid an unclear policy agenda poses a downside risk. Conversely, a timely implementation of the recent IMF deal poses an upside risk. LatinFocus Consensus panelists see the economy growing 2.9% in 2022, which is up 0.1 percentage points from last month’s estimate, and 1.7% in 2023.

Argentina Economy Data

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Population (million)43.143.644.144.645.1
GDP per capita (USD)15,11012,77814,72712,1239,679
GDP (USD bn)652557649540436
Economic Growth (GDP, annual variation in %)2.7-2.12.7-2.5-2.2
Domestic Demand (annual variation in %)4.2-1.66.0-3.4-8.7
Consumption (annual variation in %)3.7-0.84.0-2.4-6.4
Investment (annual variation in %)3.5-5.812.2-5.7-15.9
Industrial Production (annual variation in %)0.1-4.52.5-5.0-6.4
Retail Sales (annual variation in %)27.326.020.828.545.4
Unemployment Rate7.18.48.49.29.8
Fiscal Balance (% of GDP)-5.1-5.8-5.9-5.0-3.8
Public Debt (% of GDP)52.653.156.686.089.4
Money (annual variation in %)28.230.426.022.830.9
Inflation Rate (CPI, annual variation in %, eop)26.941.024.847.653.8
Inflation Rate (CPI, annual variation in %)26.741.227.7-  -  
Inflation (PPI, annual variation in %)0.0-  -  -  -  
Benchmark Interest Rate (%)27.2519.8823.2549.5040.31
Stock Market (annual variation in %)36.144.977.70.837.6
Exchange Rate (vs USD)12.9415.8618.6037.6659.88
Exchange Rate (vs USD, aop)9.2714.7716.5628.0848.22
Current Account (% of GDP)-2.7-2.7-4.8-5.0-0.8
Current Account Balance (USD bn)-17.6-15.1-31.2-27.3-3.5
Trade Balance (USD billion)-3.42.1-8.3-3.716.0
Exports (USD billion)56.857.958.661.865.1
Imports (USD billion)60.255.966.965.549.1
Exports (annual variation in %)-17.02.01.35.35.4
Imports (annual variation in %)-8.4-7.219.8-2.2-25.0
International Reserves (USD)25.639.355.165.844.8
External Debt (% of GDP)25.732.636.151.463.7

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Argentina Facts

Value Change Date
Bond Yield6.690.15 %Dec 17
Exchange Rate59.880.45 %Dec 30

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