Inflation in Japan

Japan Inflation (eop) | Economic News & Forecasts

Japan - Inflation (end of period)

Inflation comes in at highest level since September 2014 in August

Inflation came in at 3.0% in August, which was up from July’s 2.6%. August's result represented the highest inflation rate since September 2014. Price pressures accelerated for food; fuel, light and water charges; transport; and culture and recreation.

Meanwhile, core inflation rose to 2.8% in August, from the previous month's 2.4%.

The trend pointed up slightly, with annual average inflation coming in at 1.4% in August (July: 1.2%).

Finally, consumer prices rose 0.36% in August over the previous month, below July's 0.48% rise.

A base effect drove the acceleration in headline inflation in August, as month-on-month inflation slowed. In month-on-month terms, price pressures for fuel and transport weakened thanks to declining crude prices. That said, prices for culture and recreation grew at a faster pace in month-on-month terms, suggesting some degree of demand-pull inflation.

That said, our panelists expect headline inflation to soften in what remains of the year. Real wages have grown 0.6% on average this year, unlikely to lead to a sustained increase of inflation to above 3%. Key factors to watch include commodity prices and the value of the yen.

FocusEconomics panelists project consumer prices to rise 2.0% in 2022, which is unchanged from last month’s forecast, and 1.3% in 2023.

Japan - Inflation (eop) Data

2015   2016   2017   2018   2019  
Inflation Rate (CPI, annual variation in %, eop)0.1  0.3  1.1  0.3  0.8  

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Japan Inflation (eop) Chart

Japan Inflation
Note: Annual variation of consumer price index (CPI) in %.
Source: Statistics Bureau of Japan and FocusEconomics calculations.

Japan Facts

Value Change Date
Bond Yield-0.02-4.41 %Dec 30
Exchange Rate108.7-0.35 %Jan 01

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