GDP in Taiwan
Taiwan - GDP
Growth slows to two-and-a-half year low in Q4 on softening domestic demand and weak exports
A preliminary estimate shows that economic growth continued to slow in the fourth quarter, as the trade sector remained on a feeble footing while domestic demand weakened somewhat. GDP expanded 1.8% year-on-year in Q4, down from Q3’s 2.3% and missing market expectations of 2.0%. On a seasonally-adjusted quarter-on-quarter basis, however, GDP growth was stable at Q3’s 0.4%.
On the domestic side of the economy, private consumption continued to soften, growing just 1.6% in annual terms in Q4 (Q3: +1.8% year-on-year), an over three-year low. Although the print was supported by spending related to the November election, this was outweighed by the poor performance of the stock market in the quarter which produced a negative wealth effect. Conversely, government consumption recovered from the 1.5% contraction logged in Q3, registering a robust 3.6% yoy expansion in Q4.
Overall, domestic demand in the fourth quarter was mainly dragged down by a slowdown in total investment, which followed an exceptional performance in Q3 that was predominantly owing to a very low base effect. Total investment growth fell from 16.8% in Q3 to 9.3% in Q4, stemming from weaker investment in machinery, equipment and transportation. However, the print was buttressed by higher government spending on infrastructure projects.
The external sector, meanwhile, remained frail in the fourth quarter. Goods and services export growth was a meager 1.2% in Q4, matching the performance logged in Q3 as demand in the all-important tech sector remained notably muted, owing particularly to a downturn in the tech cycle and lower-than-expected smartphone demand. However, imports of goods and services also slowed in the quarter, from 4.6% growth in Q3 to 4.1% in Q4. As a result, although the net growth contribution of the external sector improved somewhat, it remained negative, subtracting 1.4 percentage points to the GDP reading in the quarter (Q3: -1.7 percentage points).
Taiwan GDP Forecast
The Central Bank expects GDP to expand 2.3% in 2019. FocusEconomics Consensus Forecast panelists project GDP will grow 2.2% in 2019, which is unchanged from last month’s forecast. For 2020, the panel estimates that economic activity will increase 2.1%.
Taiwan - GDP Data
|Economic Growth (GDP, annual variation in %)||2.2||4.0||0.8||1.4||2.9|
5 years of economic forecasts for more than 30 economic indicators.
Taiwan GDP Chart
Source: Directorate-General of Budget, Accounting & Statistics and FocusEconomics calculations.
|Bond Yield||0.84||1.28 %||Feb 14|
|Exchange Rate||30.83||0.07 %||Feb 14|
|Stock Market||10,089||0.37 %||Feb 14|
Get a sample report showing our regional, country and commodities data and analysis.
Start Your Free Trial
Start working with the reports used by the world’s major financial institutions, multinational enterprises & government agencies now. Click on the button below to get started.
February 15, 2019
Merchandise exports fell 0.3% in annual terms in January, improving over December’s 3.0% year-on-year contraction and overshooting analysts’ estimates of a 2.9% fall.
February 12, 2019
Consumer prices fell 0.09% in January from the previous month, which was less severe than the 0.50% decline registered in December.
February 1, 2019
Operating conditions in the Taiwanese manufacturing sector continued to deteriorate in January, confirming that the economy likely remained on a weak footing at the start of the year after losing momentum in Q4.
January 31, 2019
A preliminary estimate shows that economic growth continued to slow in the fourth quarter, as the trade sector remained on a feeble footing while domestic demand weakened somewhat.
January 23, 2019
Industrial output fell 1.2% year-on-year in December, contrasting the 2.4% growth logged in November.