GDP in Taiwan

Taiwan GDP | Economic News & Forecasts

Taiwan - GDP

Growth slows to two-and-a-half year low in Q4 on softening domestic demand and weak exports

A preliminary estimate shows that economic growth continued to slow in the fourth quarter, as the trade sector remained on a feeble footing while domestic demand weakened somewhat. GDP expanded 1.8% year-on-year in Q4, down from Q3’s 2.3% and missing market expectations of 2.0%. On a seasonally-adjusted quarter-on-quarter basis, however, GDP growth was stable at Q3’s 0.4%.

On the domestic side of the economy, private consumption continued to soften, growing just 1.6% in annual terms in Q4 (Q3: +1.8% year-on-year), an over three-year low. Although the print was supported by spending related to the November election, this was outweighed by the poor performance of the stock market in the quarter which produced a negative wealth effect. Conversely, government consumption recovered from the 1.5% contraction logged in Q3, registering a robust 3.6% yoy expansion in Q4.

Overall, domestic demand in the fourth quarter was mainly dragged down by a slowdown in total investment, which followed an exceptional performance in Q3 that was predominantly owing to a very low base effect. Total investment growth fell from 16.8% in Q3 to 9.3% in Q4, stemming from weaker investment in machinery, equipment and transportation. However, the print was buttressed by higher government spending on infrastructure projects.

The external sector, meanwhile, remained frail in the fourth quarter. Goods and services export growth was a meager 1.2% in Q4, matching the performance logged in Q3 as demand in the all-important tech sector remained notably muted, owing particularly to a downturn in the tech cycle and lower-than-expected smartphone demand. However, imports of goods and services also slowed in the quarter, from 4.6% growth in Q3 to 4.1% in Q4. As a result, although the net growth contribution of the external sector improved somewhat, it remained negative, subtracting 1.4 percentage points to the GDP reading in the quarter (Q3: -1.7 percentage points).

Taiwan GDP Forecast

The Central Bank expects GDP to expand 2.3% in 2019. FocusEconomics Consensus Forecast panelists project GDP will grow 2.2% in 2019, which is unchanged from last month’s forecast. For 2020, the panel estimates that economic activity will increase 2.1%.

Taiwan - GDP Data

2013  2014  2015  2016  2017  
Economic Growth (GDP, annual variation in %)2.2  4.0  0.8  1.4  2.9  

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Taiwan GDP Chart

Taiwan GDP
Note: Annual variation of gross domestic product (GDP) in %.
Source: Directorate-General of Budget, Accounting & Statistics and FocusEconomics calculations.

Taiwan Facts

Bond Yield0.871.28 %Jan 30
Exchange Rate30.720.07 %Jan 30
Stock Market9,9320.37 %Jan 30

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