Ethiopia Economic Outlook
August 20, 2019Growth is expected to have remained cool in FY 2018 and at the start of FY 2019, constrained by a wide current account deficit, drought and security concerns. Recent data revealed that the trade deficit widened in Q3 FY 2018, as exports dropped in the period, while imports rose mildly amid a higher fuel bill. In addition, low water levels led to electricity rationing from May to July, disrupting economic activity. That said, the government’s progress on economic reforms is shoring up the longer-term outlook. On 31 July, the government passed a bill opening up the financial sector to allow citizens who have acquired other nationalities to be able to invest in banks and lend money more easily. In addition, in August, the government granted a foreign company a financial-sector business license for the first time.
Ethiopia Economic GrowthBuoyant infrastructure spending and the government’s ambitious reform drive should ensure growth remains among the fastest in the region in FY 2019. However, security concerns, drought and the sustainability of government spending remain causes for concern. FocusEconomics panelists see the economy growing 7.8% in FY 2019, which is unchanged from last month’s forecast, and 7.4% in FY 2020.
Ethiopia Economy Data
|GDP per capita (USD)||640||731||807||884||910|
|GDP (USD bn)||55.6||64.6||72.4||80.6||84.4|
|Economic Growth (GDP, annual variation in %)||10.3||10.4||8.0||10.9||7.7|
|Fiscal Balance (% of GDP)||-2.6||-2.4||-1.9||-3.3||-3.0|
|Public Debt (% of GDP)||47.9||54.5||56.1||59.0||61.1|
|Money (annual variation in %)||22.3||29.1||21.7||25.1||29.8|
|Inflation Rate (CPI, annual variation in %, eop)||7.7||7.1||10.0||6.7||16.5|
|Inflation Rate (CPI, annual variation in %)||8.1||7.4||10.1||7.3||10.9|
|Exchange Rate (vs USD)||19.05||20.33||21.26||22.40||27.58|
|Exchange Rate (vs USD, aop)||18.72||19.72||20.76||21.90||24.07|
|Current Account (% of GDP)||-6.1||-11.0||-11.1||-8.3||-7.0|
|Current Account Balance (USD bn)||-3.4||-7.1||-8.0||-6.7||-5.9|
|Trade Balance (USD billion)||-9.1||-12.0||-13.8||-13.6||-12.9|
|Exports (USD billion)||3.0||3.4||2.9||2.8||3.0|
|Imports (USD billion)||12.1||15.4||16.7||16.4||15.9|
|Exports (annual variation in %)||-7.6||13.1||-13.4||-3.6||7.6|
|Imports (annual variation in %)||2.6||27.2||8.8||-1.8||-3.2|
|International Reserves (USD)||2.4||3.5||3.8||3.0||3.0|
|External Debt (% of GDP)||22.6||26.2||29.0||29.5||31.5|
5 years of Ethiopia economic forecasts for more than 30 economic indicators.
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|Exchange Rate||29.06||0.01 %||Jul 31|
|Stock Market||0.4||0.0 %||Jul 31|
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