Ruins in Jordan

Jordania Economy

Jordan's economy in numbers:

Nominal GDP of USD 48.7 billion in 2022.

GDP per capita of USD 4,728 compared to the global average of USD 10,589.

Average real GDP growth of 2.2% over the last decade.

Share of the region's population
Share of the region's GDP

Economic structure:

In 2021, services accounted for 71% of overall GDP, manufacturing 17%, other industrial activity 7%, and agriculture 5%. Looking at GDP by expenditure, private consumption accounted for 84% of GDP in 2021, government consumption 19%, fixed investment 18%, and net exports -21%.

GDP by economic sector
GDP by type of expenditure

International trade:

In 2020, manufactured products made up 72% of total merchandise exports, mineral fuels 1%, food 15%, ores and metals 7% and agricultural raw materials 0%, with other categories accounting for 5% of the total. In the same period, manufactured products made up 57% of total merchandise imports, mineral fuels 10%, food 24%, ores and metals 2% and agricultural raw materials 1%, with other goods accounting for 6% of the total. Total exports were worth USD 13 billion in 2022, while total imports were USD 24 billion.

Key exports
Key imports
Key export partners
Key import partners

Economic growth:

The economy recorded average annual growth of 2.2% in the decade to 2022. To read more about GDP growth in Jordan, go to our dedicated page.

Fiscal policy:

Jordan's fiscal deficit averaged 4.4% of GDP in the decade to 2022. Find out more on our dedicated page.


The unemployment rate averaged 17.3% in the decade to 2022. For more information on Jordan's unemployment click here.


Inflation averaged 2.3% in the decade to 2022. Go to our Jordan inflation page for extra insight.

Monetary Policy:

Jordan's monetary policy rate ended 2022 at 7.50%, up from 5.00% a decade earlier. See our Jordan monetary policy page for additional details.

Exchange Rate:

From end-2012 to end-2022 the dinar stayed on the same level vs the U.S. dollar. For more info on the dinar, click here.
Economic growth clocked 2.7% year in Q1–Q3 2023, below the 3.5% average of the Middle East and North Africa region. Agriculture was the fastest-growing subsector in the period, followed by transport and manufacturing. In contrast, construction activity largely stagnated amid tight financial conditions. Turning to Q4, the economy appeared to lose steam. Visitor arrivals contracted year on year in November for the first time since 2021, likely due to uncertainty stemming from the Israel-Hamas war leading tourists to cancel travel plans. In addition, industrial production fell in annual terms in October–November. More positively, hefty international backing will be providing support heading into 2024. Following recent funding from the U.S. and Saudi Arabia, in January the IMF agreed a USD 1.2 billion financial package aimed at accelerating structural reforms.
Projections out to 2033.

38 indicators covered including both annual and quarterly frequencies.

Consensus Forecasts based on a panel of 16 expert analysts.

Want to get insight on the economic outlook for Jordan in the coming years? FocusEconomics collects projections out to 2033 on 38 economic indicators for Jordan from a panel of 16 analysts at the leading national, regional and global forecast institutions. These projections are then validated by our in-house team of economists and data analysts, and averaged to provide one Consensus Forecast you can rely on for each indicator. This means you avoid the risk of relying on out of date, biased or outlier forecasts. Our Consensus Forecasts can be visualized in whichever way best suits your needs, including via interactive online dashboards , direct data delivery and executive-style reports which combine analysts' projections with timely written analysis from our in-house team of economists on the latest developments in the Jordan economy. To download a sample report on the Jordan's economy, click here . To get in touch with our team for more information, fill in the form at the bottom of this page .

Jordania Datos económicos

2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Población (millones) 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.3
PIB (en millones de dólares) 43.4 45.1 44.2 45.8 -
PIB per cápita (USD) 4,355 4,460 4,336 4,461 -
PIB (en miles de millones de JOD) 31 32 31 32 -
Crecimiento económico (PIB nominal, var. anual) 4.2 3.7 -1.8 3.5 -
Crecimiento económico (PIB, var. anual) 1.9 2.0 -1.2 2.2 -
Producción industrial (% var. anual) -6.1 -0.6 -12.4 13.0 2.7
Desempleo (% de la población activa, aop) 18.6 19.1 22.7 24.1 22.9
Saldo fiscal (% del PIB) -2.4 -3.3 -7.0 -6.2 -
Deuda pública (% del PIB) 75.1 78.0 88.0 91.9 -
Dinero (var. anual de M2 %) 1.2 4.8 5.8 6.7 5.5
Inflación (IPC, % var. anual, aop) 4.5 0.8 0.3 1.3 4.2
Tasa de redescuento (%, eop) 5.75 5.00 3.50 3.50 7.50
Tipo de cambio (JOD por USD, eop) 0.71 0.71 0.71 0.71 0.71
Balanza por cuenta corriente (en millones de dólares) -3.0 -0.8 -2.5 -4.0 -
Balanza por cuenta corriente (% del PIB) -6.8 -1.7 -5.7 -8.8 -
Balanza comercial de mercancías (en millones de USD) -10.3 -8.7 -7.4 -9.9 -
Exportaciones de mercancías (en millones de dólares) 7.8 8.3 8.0 9.4 -
Importaciones de mercancías (en millones de dólares) 18.1 17.1 15.4 19.3 -
Exportaciones de mercancías (% var. anual) 3.1 7.4 -4.5 17.8 -
Importaciones de mercancías (% var. anual) -0.9 -5.5 -10.1 25.4 -
Inversión extranjera directa (en millones de dólares) 1.0 0.7 0.8 0.6 -
Reservas internacionales (en millones de dólares) 14.6 15.4 17.0 19.0 18.2
Reservas internacionales (meses de importaciones) 9.7 10.8 13.3 11.9 -
Deuda externa (en millones de dólares) 31.9 33.5 38.0 41.8 -
Deuda externa (% del PIB) 73.6 74.3 85.9 91.3 -

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