Vietnam Economic Forecast

Vietnam Economic Outlook

November 17, 2020

The economy began the fourth quarter on a robust footing according to available data. In October, industrial production gained steam on a stronger manufacturing sector, while retail sales expanded notably and exports surged. However, the tourism sector remained downtrodden due to the border closure. This comes after activity accelerated in Q3 thanks to a rebound in the services sector and faster growth in industry and agriculture, amid the relatively successful containment of Covid-19. On the political front, in mid-November the National Assembly approved the 2021 budget, with both revenue and expenditure down from the original estimates made for 2020 as the government looks to rein in the budget deficit. The National Assembly also approved a 6% growth target for 2021—a goal our panelists judge to be easily achievable.

Vietnam Economic Growth

Growth should jump next year, supported by a likely strengthening of the external sector, and Vietnam should continue outperforming its regional peers. The possible reinstatement of pandemic-related domestic restrictions and a potentially prolonged downturn in the tourism sector are downside risks, however. Our panelists expect GDP to expand 7.3% in 2021, which is unchanged from last month’s forecast, and 6.8% in 2022.

Vietnam Economy Data

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Population (million)91.792.793.694.695.5
GDP per capita (USD)2,0852,1722,3532,5452,722
GDP (USD bn)191201220241260
Economic Growth (GDP, annual variation in %)6.76.26.87.17.0
Consumption (annual variation in %)9.37.37.47.3-  
Investment (annual variation in %)9.49.910.28.6-  
Industrial Production (annual variation in %)9.87.59.410.29.1
Unemployment Rate2.32.32.22.22.2
Fiscal Balance (% of GDP)-6.1-3.7-1.2-3.5-  
Public Debt (% of GDP)61.063.761.458.4-  
Money (annual variation in %)16.218.415.012.4-  
Inflation Rate (CPI, annual variation in %, eop)0.64.72.63.55.2
Inflation Rate (CPI, annual variation in %)0.62.73.53.62.8
Inflation (PPI, annual variation in %)-0.6-0.62.83.11.3
Policy Interest Rate (%)6.506.506.256.256.00
Exchange Rate (vs USD)22,48522,77122,71023,19523,173
Exchange Rate (vs USD, aop)21,92922,37022,71623,02523,228
Current Account (% of GDP)-1.10.3-0.72.5-  
Current Account Balance (USD bn)-2.00.6-1.65.9-  
Trade Balance (USD billion)7.411.010.816.545.4
Exports (USD billion)162177215244226
Imports (USD billion)155166204227181
Exports (annual variation in %)7.99.021.813.3-7.3
Imports (annual variation in %)12.07.023.411.2-20.5
International Reserves (USD)28.336.549.155.578.3
External Debt (% of GDP)40.742.647.244.9-  

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Vietnam Facts

Value Change Date
Bond Yield3.38-0.13 %Dec 31
Exchange Rate23,1730.01 %Jan 01

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