United States Inflation May 2016

United States

United States: U.S. inflation loses steam in May

June 16, 2016

Seasonally-adjusted consumer prices firmed up and rose 0.2% in May over the previous month. The reading followed the 0.4% increase tallied in April and fell short of the 0.3% increase the market had expected. May’s increase was mainly boosted by higher energy prices (+1.2% month-on-month), which included a jump in gasoline prices. Higher energy prices compensated for a decline in food prices (-0.2% mom). Inflation edged down from 1.1% in April to 1.0% in May.

Core consumer prices, which do not consider foodstuff and energy prices, rose 0.2% for the second consecutive month in May, matching market expectations. Core inflation inched up from 2.1% in April to 2.2% in May.

Although the Federal Reserve targets an alternative measure of inflation—called the personal consumption expenditures price index—U.S. monetary authorities also follow the core inflation measure closely in judging whether inflationary pressures are increasing in the economy.

FocusEconomics Consensus Forecast participants expect inflation to average 1.7% in 2016, which is unchanged from last month’s forecast. For 2017, the panel expects inflation to average 2.2%.

Author:, Senior Economist

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United States Inflation Chart

USA Inflation May 2016 0

Note: Year-on-year and month-on-month variation of seasonally-adjusted consumer price index in %.
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics.

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