Peru Trade

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Peru: Exports suffer biggest drop in five years and trade balance registers sixth consecutive deficit in August

October 6, 2014

In August, the trade balance registered a deficit of USD 311 million, which contrasted the USD 192 million surplus observed in the same month last year. August’s result was not as large as the USD 395 million deficit registered in July, but marked the sixth consecutive negative monthly balance.

Exports suffered even more significantly in August than in recent months, contracting 21.1% over the same month last year (July: -5.7% year-on-year). August’s result marked the biggest decline since July 2009. Meanwhile, imports decreased 9.4% in August, which followed July’s 5.0% fall and marked a nearly five-year low.

In the 12 months up to August, the trade balance posted an all-time record deficit of USD 2.1 billion. The trade balance had peaked at a record-high surplus of USD 9.8 billion in February 2012, but has narrowed uninterruptedly since then and shifted to deficit in December 2013. This trend has been driven due to falling international demand and prices for traditional Peruvian exports, such as copper, silver and natural gas. Similarly, the increase in import volumes has also affected the trade balance negatively.

The Central Bank expects exports to grow 3.8% in 2014. For 2015, the Bank sees overseas sales expanding a healthier 8.2%. LatinFocus Consensus Forecast panelists see exports expanding 5.4% this year, which is down 0.4 percentage points from the previous month’s estimate. For 2015, the panel sees overseas sales expanding 7.7%.


Author:, Economist

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Peru Trade Chart


Peru Trade12m August 2014

Note: 12 month sum of trade balance in USD billion and annual variation of the 12-month sum of exports and imports in %.
Source: Peru Central Bank (BCRP)


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