Japan Business Confidence


Japan: Business sentiment improves in Q1; prospects deteriorate sharply

April 1, 2014

According to the Bank of Japan's quarterly TANKAN business survey, sentiment among large manufacturers jumped to its highest level since Q4 2007. The index rose from 16 points in Q4 to 17 points in Q1, which was below the 19 points markets had expected. A positive reading means that optimists outnumber pessimists.

Confidence in non-manufacturing industries improved further in Q1, increasing from 20 points in Q4 to 24 points in Q1. As a result, the index now sits at the highest level since 1991.

Despite these improvements, large enterprises in the manufacturing sector expect that conditions will deteriorate in the next three months. Businesses' worsening mood mostly reflects concerns about the impact of a sales tax hike introduced in April and increasing skepticism regarding Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's ability to rekindle the country's economy. The forward-looking forecast index fell to 8 points in Q1 (Q4: +14 points), which represents the lowest level in a year. Meanwhile, large manufacturers forecast that the Japanese yen will trade at 99.6 JPY per USD by the end of the fiscal year 2014 (ending March 2015).


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Japan Business Confidence Chart

Japan Business Confidence Q1 2014

Note: Quarterly index of business sentiment. Values above 0 for manufacturers (actual result) indicate a positive assesment of the current business conditions. Values above 0 for manufacturers (forecast) indicate a positive assesment for the next quarter
Source: Bank of Japan (BoJ).

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